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Focus on human brain mapping

Neuroscience in the News - Thu, 02/23/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience 20, 297 (2017). doi:10.1038/nn.4522

We present a special issue highlighting considerations and recent developments in noninvasive techniques that improve our understanding of neural measurements in humans, bridging the gap between human and animal research in neuroscience.

Fostering reproducible fMRI research

Neuroscience in the News - Thu, 02/23/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience 20, 298 (2017). doi:10.1038/nn.4521

The validity of conclusions drawn from functional MRI research has been questioned for some time now. Nature Neuroscience and Nature Communications are committed to working with neuroimaging researchers to improve the robustness and reproducibility of their work.

Best practices in data analysis and sharing in neuroimaging using MRI

Neuroscience in the News - Thu, 02/23/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience 20, 299 (2017). doi:10.1038/nn.4500

Authors: Thomas E Nichols, Samir Das, Simon B Eickhoff, Alan C Evans, Tristan Glatard, Michael Hanke, Nikolaus Kriegeskorte, Michael P Milham, Russell A Poldrack, Jean-Baptiste Poline, Erika Proal, Bertrand Thirion, David C Van Essen, Tonya White & B T Thomas Yeo

Computational approaches to fMRI analysis

Neuroscience in the News - Thu, 02/23/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience 20, 304 (2017). doi:10.1038/nn.4499

Authors: Jonathan D Cohen, Nathaniel Daw, Barbara Engelhardt, Uri Hasson, Kai Li, Yael Niv, Kenneth A Norman, Jonathan Pillow, Peter J Ramadge, Nicholas B Turk-Browne & Theodore L Willke

Studying neuroanatomy using MRI

Neuroscience in the News - Thu, 02/23/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience 20, 314 (2017). doi:10.1038/nn.4501

Authors: Jason P Lerch, André J W van der Kouwe, Armin Raznahan, Tomáš Paus, Heidi Johansen-Berg, Karla L Miller, Stephen M Smith, Bruce Fischl & Stamatios N Sotiropoulos

Magnetoencephalography for brain electrophysiology and imaging

Neuroscience in the News - Thu, 02/23/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience 20, 327 (2017). doi:10.1038/nn.4504

Author: Sylvain Baillet

Dynamic models of large-scale brain activity

Neuroscience in the News - Thu, 02/23/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience 20, 340 (2017). doi:10.1038/nn.4497

Author: Michael Breakspear

Network neuroscience

Neuroscience in the News - Thu, 02/23/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience 20, 353 (2017). doi:10.1038/nn.4502

Authors: Danielle S Bassett & Olaf Sporns

Building better biomarkers: brain models in translational neuroimaging

Neuroscience in the News - Thu, 02/23/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience 20, 365 (2017). doi:10.1038/nn.4478

Authors: Choong-Wan Woo, Luke J Chang, Martin A Lindquist & Tor D Wager

Summing up the parts of the hypothalamus

Neuroscience in the News - Thu, 02/23/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience 20, 378 (2017). doi:10.1038/nn.4515

Author: Martin Hemberg

A catalog of the cells found in the hypothalamic arcuate–median eminence complex provides insights into genome-wide association studies of complex traits

Setting the mood for love

Neuroscience in the News - Thu, 02/23/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience 20, 379 (2017). doi:10.1038/nn.4514

Author: Gül Dölen

McHenry and colleagues delineate a neural circuit controlling female sexual behavior. These experiments shed light on how the brain optimizes reproductive behavior to coincide with phases of peak fertility.

Rodent see, rodent fear

Neuroscience in the News - Thu, 02/23/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience 20, 381 (2017). doi:10.1038/nn.4512

Authors: Yoav Kfir & Rony Paz

To learn from others' experience, one must link environmental conditions with social cues. A specific amygdala circuit underlies social learning of fear, and targeted activation normalizes behavior in a rodent model of autism.

Glucose utilization: still in the synapse

Neuroscience in the News - Thu, 02/23/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience 20, 382 (2017). doi:10.1038/nn.4513

Author: A Jon Stoessl

Many people still associate brain glucose metabolism with neurons. A new report shows that stimulation of astrocytic glutamate uptake increases glucose utilization, suggesting that astrocytes play a major role in the glucose uptake signal. However, this still reflects synaptic activity.

Delayed stabilization and individualization in connectome development are related to psychiatric disorders

Nature Neuroscience - Mon, 02/20/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4511

Authors: Tobias Kaufmann, Dag Alnæs, Nhat Trung Doan, Christine Lycke Brandt, Ole A Andreassen & Lars T Westlye

The brain functional connectome constitutes a unique fingerprint allowing identification of individuals among a pool of people. Here we establish that the connectome develops into a more stable, individual wiring pattern during adolescence and demonstrate that a delay in this network tuning process is associated with reduced mental health in the formative years of late neurodevelopment.

Persistently active neurons in human medial frontal and medial temporal lobe support working memory

Nature Neuroscience - Mon, 02/20/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4509

Authors: Jan Kamin´ski, Shannon Sullivan, Jeffrey M Chung, Ian B Ross, Adam N Mamelak & Ueli Rutishauser

Hippocampal awake replay in fear memory retrieval

Nature Neuroscience - Mon, 02/20/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4507

Authors: Chun-Ting Wu, Daniel Haggerty, Caleb Kemere & Daoyun Ji

One-step optogenetics with multifunctional flexible polymer fibers

Nature Neuroscience - Mon, 02/20/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4510

Authors: Seongjun Park, Yuanyuan Guo, Xiaoting Jia, Han Kyoung Choe, Benjamin Grena, Jeewoo Kang, Jiyeon Park, Chi Lu, Andres Canales, Ritchie Chen, Yeong Shin Yim, Gloria B Choi, Yoel Fink & Polina Anikeeva

Cadherins mediate cocaine-induced synaptic plasticity and behavioral conditioning

Nature Neuroscience - Mon, 02/13/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4503

Authors: Fergil Mills, Andrea K Globa, Shuai Liu, Catherine M Cowan, Mahsan Mobasser, Anthony G Phillips, Stephanie L Borgland & Shernaz X Bamji

Metabotropic action of postsynaptic kainate receptors triggers hippocampal long-term potentiation

Nature Neuroscience - Mon, 02/13/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4505

Authors: Milos M Petrovic, Silvia Viana da Silva, James P Clement, Ladislav Vyklicky, Christophe Mulle, Inmaculada M González-González & Jeremy M Henley

Retinal origin of direction selectivity in the superior colliculus

Nature Neuroscience - Mon, 02/13/2017 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4498

Authors: Xuefeng Shi, Jad Barchini, Hector Acaron Ledesma, David Koren, Yanjiao Jin, Xiaorong Liu, Wei Wei & Jianhua Cang

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