Nature Neuroscience

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Nature Neuroscience offers a unique mix of opinion and reviews alongside top-quality research papers. Published monthly, in print and online, the journal reflects the entire spectrum of neuroscience, from molecular to cognitive.
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An olfactory cocktail party: figure-ground segregation of odorants in rodents

Sun, 08/03/2014 - 12:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.3775

Authors: Dan Rokni, Vivian Hemmelder, Vikrant Kapoor & Venkatesh N Murthy

LKB1 and AMPK regulate synaptic remodeling in old age

Sun, 08/03/2014 - 12:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.3772

Authors: Melanie A Samuel, P Emanuela Voinescu, Brendan N Lilley, Rafa de Cabo, Marc Foretz, Benoit Viollet, Basil Pawlyk, Michael A Sandberg, Demetrios G Vavvas & Joshua R Sanes

Corticolimbic gating of emotion-driven punishment

Sun, 08/03/2014 - 12:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.3781

Authors: Michael T Treadway, Joshua W Buckholtz, Justin W Martin, Katharine Jan, Christopher L Asplund, Matthew R Ginther, Owen D Jones & René Marois

A comprehensive thalamocortical projection map at the mesoscopic level

Sun, 08/03/2014 - 12:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.3780

Authors: Barbara J Hunnicutt, Brian R Long, Deniz Kusefoglu, Katrina J Gertz, Haining Zhong & Tianyi Mao

'Silent' mitral cells dominate odor responses in the olfactory bulb of awake mice

Sun, 07/27/2014 - 12:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.3768

Authors: Mihaly Kollo, Anja Schmaltz, Mostafa Abdelhamid, Izumi Fukunaga & Andreas T Schaefer

How wakefulness shapes neural activity is a topic of intense discussion. In the awake olfactory bulb, high activity with weak sensory-evoked responses has been reported in mitral/tufted cells (M/TCs). Using blind whole-cell recordings, we found 33% of M/TCs to be 'silent', yet still show strong sensory responses, with weak or inhibitory responses in 'active' neurons. Thus, a previously missed M/TC subpopulation can exert powerful influence over the olfactory bulb.

Central amygdala PKC-δ+ neurons mediate the influence of multiple anorexigenic signals

Sun, 07/27/2014 - 12:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.3767

Authors: Haijiang Cai, Wulf Haubensak, Todd E Anthony & David J Anderson

Cerebellum involvement in cortical sensorimotor circuits for the control of voluntary movements

Sun, 07/27/2014 - 12:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.3773

Authors: Rémi D Proville, Maria Spolidoro, Nicolas Guyon, Guillaume P Dugué, Fekrije Selimi, Philippe Isope, Daniela Popa & Clément Léna

Anterior cingulate engagement in a foraging context reflects choice difficulty, not foraging value

Sun, 07/27/2014 - 12:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.3771

Authors: Amitai Shenhav, Mark A Straccia, Jonathan D Cohen & Matthew M Botvinick

Orbitofrontal activation restores insight lost after cocaine use

Sun, 07/20/2014 - 12:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.3763

Authors: Federica Lucantonio, Yuji K Takahashi, Alexander F Hoffman, Chun Chang, Sheena Bali-Chaudhary, Yavin Shaham, Carl R Lupica & Geoffrey Schoenbaum

miR-92a regulates expression of synaptic GluA1-containing AMPA receptors during homeostatic scaling

Sun, 07/13/2014 - 12:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.3762

Authors: Mathieu Letellier, Sara Elramah, Magali Mondin, Anaïs Soula, Andrew Penn, Daniel Choquet, Marc Landry, Olivier Thoumine & Alexandre Favereaux

We investigated whether microRNAs could regulate AMPA receptor expression during activity blockade. miR-92a strongly repressed the translation of GluA1 receptors by binding the 3′ untranslated region of rat GluA1 (also known as Gria1) mRNA and was downregulated in rat hippocampal neurons after treatment with tetrodotoxin and AP5. Deleting the seed region in GluA1 or overexpressing miR-92a blocked homeostatic scaling, indicating that miR-92a regulates the translation and synaptic incorporation of new GluA1-containing AMPA receptors.

Transneuronal propagation of mutant huntingtin contributes to non–cell autonomous pathology in neurons

Sun, 07/13/2014 - 12:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.3761

Authors: Eline Pecho-Vrieseling, Claus Rieker, Sascha Fuchs, Dorothee Bleckmann, Maria Soledad Esposito, Paolo Botta, Chris Goldstein, Mario Bernhard, Ivan Galimberti, Matthias Müller, Andreas Lüthi, Silvia Arber, Tewis Bouwmeester, Herman van der Putten & Francesco Paolo Di Giorgio

A spinal analog of memory reconsolidation enables reversal of hyperalgesia

Sun, 07/06/2014 - 12:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.3758

Authors: Robert P Bonin & Yves De Koninck

Hyperalgesia arising from sensitization of pain relays in the spinal dorsal horn shares many mechanistic and phenotypic parallels with memory formation. We discovered that mechanical hyperalgesia could be rendered labile and reversible in mice after reactivation of spinal pain pathways in a process analogous to memory reconsolidation. These findings reveal a previously unknown regulatory mechanism underlying hyperalgesia and demonstrate the existence of reconsolidation-like processes in a sensory system.

Independent control of gamma and theta activity by distinct interneuron networks in the olfactory bulb

Sun, 07/06/2014 - 12:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.3760

Authors: Izumi Fukunaga, Jan T Herb, Mihaly Kollo, Edward S Boyden & Andreas T Schaefer

Reactivation of emergent task-related ensembles during slow-wave sleep after neuroprosthetic learning

Sun, 07/06/2014 - 12:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.3759

Authors: Tanuj Gulati, Dhakshin S Ramanathan, Chelsea C Wong & Karunesh Ganguly

Gene co-regulation by Fezf2 selects neurotransmitter identity and connectivity of corticospinal neurons

Sun, 07/06/2014 - 12:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.3757

Authors: Simona Lodato, Bradley J Molyneaux, Emanuela Zuccaro, Loyal A Goff, Hsu-Hsin Chen, Wen Yuan, Alyssa Meleski, Emi Takahashi, Shaun Mahony, John L Rinn, David K Gifford & Paola Arlotta

Noninvasive optical inhibition with a red-shifted microbial rhodopsin

Sun, 07/06/2014 - 12:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.3752

Authors: Amy S Chuong, Mitra L Miri, Volker Busskamp, Gillian A C Matthews, Leah C Acker, Andreas T Sørensen, Andrew Young, Nathan C Klapoetke, Mike A Henninger, Suhasa B Kodandaramaiah, Masaaki Ogawa, Shreshtha B Ramanlal, Rachel C Bandler, Brian D Allen, Craig R Forest, Brian Y Chow, Xue Han, Yingxi Lin, Kay M Tye, Botond Roska, Jessica A Cardin & Edward S Boyden