Nature Neuroscience

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Nature Neuroscience offers a unique mix of opinion and reviews alongside top-quality research papers. Published monthly, in print and online, the journal reflects the entire spectrum of neuroscience, from molecular to cognitive.
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Developmentally defined forebrain circuits regulate appetitive and aversive olfactory learning

Mon, 12/05/2016 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4452

Authors: Nagendran Muthusamy, Xuying Zhang, Caroline A Johnson, Prem N Yadav & H Troy Ghashghaei

Postnatal and adult neurogenesis are region- and modality-specific, but the significance of developmentally distinct neuronal populations remains unclear. We demonstrate that chemogenetic inactivation of a subset of forebrain and olfactory neurons generated at birth disrupts responses to an aversive odor. In contrast, novel appetitive odor learning is sensitive to inactivation of adult-born neurons, revealing that developmentally defined sets of neurons may differentially participate in hedonic aspects of sensory learning.

Shared memories reveal shared structure in neural activity across individuals

Mon, 12/05/2016 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4450

Authors: Janice Chen, Yuan Chang Leong, Christopher J Honey, Chung H Yong, Kenneth A Norman & Uri Hasson

A probabilistic approach to demixing odors

Mon, 12/05/2016 - 1:00am

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4444

Authors: Agnieszka Grabska-Barwińska, Simon Barthelmé, Jeff Beck, Zachary F Mainen, Alexandre Pouget & Peter E Latham