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A Comparison of Soil Organic Matter Content in 1932, 1984, and 2005/6 in Forests of the Adirondack Mountains, New York

Authors: 
Bedison, J.E., Johnson, A.H., Willig, S.A.
Year: 
2 010
Source: 
Soil Science Society of America Journal
Abstract: 
We quantified the organic matter content of organic and mineral horizons in 1932, 1984, and in 2005/6 at 54 sites in a mixed hardwood-softwood stand and in northern hardwood (NH), pine-dominated (PW), and spruce-fir (SF) forests of the Adirondack Mountains, NY to determine if there were measurable changes in soil organic matter (SOM) pools over the similar to 75-yr interval. Further, the different land-use histories of these sites provided an opportunity to evaluate the influence of land-use history on forest SOM since the early 1930s. Overall, there were no significant differences in combined organic + mineral horizon (whole-profile) SOM amounts over the interval. There was, however, a significant increase in whole-profile SOM content between 1932 and 2005/6 at 16 sites that had a history of agriculture or fire which amounted to an increase in C content of approximately 0.5 Mg C ha(-1) yr(-1). This indicated that at least some Adirondack forest soils were accumulating C during the 20th century.
EES Authors: 
James Bedison (2009)
Arthur H. Johnson
Sarah Anderson Willig

Department of Earth and Environmental Science / University of Pennsylvania, 251 Hayden Hall, 240 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6316