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Intergrowth structures in synthetic pyrochlores: Implications for radiation damage effects

Authors: 
Buck E.C., Chamberlain D.B., Gieré R.
Year: 
1 999
Source: 
Materials Research Society, Symposium Proceedings
Abstract: 
Titanate-based ceramic waste forms are currently under development for the immobilization of excess weapons plutonium. Both Hf and Gd are added to the ceramic formulation as neutron absorbers in order to satisfy a defense-in-depth concept for the waste form. The introduction of significant amounts of hafnium may be responsible for the presence of zirconolite-2M crystals in pyrochlore-based ceramics and the formation of zirconolite lamellae within pyrochlore. The zirconolite grows epitaxially on { 111 }planes of pyrochlore. Although the zirconolite lamellae within pyrochlore are non-cubic, any volume expansion due to radiation damage in the pyrochlore should still be isotropic; in addition, the presence of these intergrowths may allow some stress relief in the ceramic.
EES Authors: 
Reto Gieré

Department of Earth and Environmental Science / University of Pennsylvania, 251 Hayden Hall, 240 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6316