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Use of lead isotopes for developing chronologies in recent salt-marsh sediments

Authors: 
Kemp, A. C., Sommerfield, C. K., Vane, C. H., Horton, B. P., Chenery, S., Anisfeld, S., Nikitina, D.
Year: 
2 012
Source: 
Quaternary Geochronology
Abstract: 
Dating of recent salt-marsh sediments is hindered by the radiocarbon plateau and the moving similar to 100 year window of Pb-210 accumulation histories. Introduction of anthropogenic Pb to the environment is a means to date salt-marsh sediment deposited over the last 200 years by correlating downcore changes in concentration and isotopic ratios to historical production and consumption. We investigated use of Pb as a chronometer in a core of salt-marsh sediment from New Jersey, USA. Changes in Pb concentration identified horizons at AD 1875, 1925, 1935 and 1974 that correspond to features of historic U.S Pb production and consumption. Stable lead isotopes (Pb-206:Pb-207) constrained ages at AD 1827, 1857 and 1880, reflecting Pb production in the Upper Mississippi Valley with its unusual isotopic signature and at AD 1965 and 1980 from leaded gasoline. Confirmatory evidence for the gasoline horizons came from increased Sb concentrations caused by vehicle emissions and industrial activity. These nine chronostratigraphic markers of fixed dates provide precise constraints on sediment age in the northeastern USA and enable salt-marsh records of coastal evolution and wetland development to extend beyond the period of instrumental measurements. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
EES Authors: 
Andrew Kemp (2009)
Research Track Category: 

Department of Earth and Environmental Science / University of Pennsylvania, 251 Hayden Hall, 240 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6316