Drawing from sociology, economics and demography, this course examines the causes and effects of gender differences in labor force participation, earnings and occupation in the United States and in the rest of the developed developed and developing world. Differences by race and ethnicity areidered. also considered. Theories of labor supply, marriage, human captial andre discrimination are explored as explanations for the observed trends.se reviews Finally, the course reviews current labor market policies and uses thearriage, theories of labor supply, marriage, human capital and discrimination to men. evaluate their effects on women and men.