For The Land and The Lord:
Appendix 1: Glossary, by Ian S. Lustick
Appendix 1: Glossary
Achdut Haavodah-Socialist-Zionist party that split from the
dominant Mapai party in 1944; emphasized activism toward national and
territorial objectives; merged with other socialist-Zionist parties in
Agudat Yisrael-Ultra-Orthodox political organization founded in
1912; members' attitudes range from anti-Zionist to non-Zionist.
Akiva-leading rabbi of the early second century C.E.; is believed
to have declared Simon Bar Kochba the Messiah.
Amana-(Covenant) the settlement-building arm of Gush Emunim.
Ariel, Yisrael-Rabbi; number two on Rabbi Kahane's Kach list in
1981 elections; known for his extreme views.
Artzi-Scholarly/polemical fundamentalist journal published
irregularly since 1982.
Aviner, Shlomo-Rabbi of the Beit-EI settlement near Ramallah;
editor of the journal Aturei Kahanim, published by the Crown of
the Priests Yeshiva in the Old City of Jerusalem.
Bar Kochba, Simon-Leader of the second great Judean revolt against
the Romans, 132-135 C.E.
Ben-Nun, Yoel-Rabbi; leading activist within Gush Emunim; veteran
of Ofra settlement near Ramallah; regular contributor to Nekuda;
consensus builder; an editor of Artzi. See appendix 3 for
Ben-Yosef (Hagar), Moshe-Passionate polemicist; regular
contributor to Nekuda; secularist; lives in Tel-Aviv; advocates
imposition of a reformed halacha on all Israelis.
Bnei Akiva-(Sons of Akiva) youth movement of the National
Cohen, Geula-A Herut firebrand; veteran of Irgun and Lehi; bolted
from Herut to help found Tehiya; member of Knesset; nonreligious,
Druckman, Haim-Rabbi; member of Knesset; a founder of and leading
activist within Gush Emunim; organizer of Matzad; now returned to
National Religious Party from Morasha.
Eldad, Israel-Leading ideologue in Lehi before 1948; writer,
teacher, journalist; well known for his advocacy, in 1950s and 1960s, of
Jewish sovereignty from "the Nile to the Euphrates"; Gush Emunim and
Tehiya activist; nonreligious.
Elon Moreh-Jewish settlement site in Nablus area of West Bank
evacuated by court order in 1979.
Eretz Yisrael-Land of Israel.
Fisch, Harold-Author former rector of Bar-Ilan University;
associated with founding of Movement for the Whole Land of Israel.
Green line-1949 armistice line separating Israel from Egypt,
Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan.
Haetzni, Eliyakim-Lawyer; veteran settler in Kiryat Arba; Gush
Emunim activist; polemicist; regular contributor to Nekuda;
secular, vanguardist in orientation.
Hakibbutz Hameuchad-Socialist Zionist settlement movement with
activist (expansionist nationalist) emphasis; affiliated with the
political part Achdut Haavodah.
Halacha-The entire corpus of Jewish religious law.
Har Habayit-(Temple Mount); biblical Mount Moriah; southeastern
corner of the Old City of Jerusalem; Jewish term for the Haram el-Sharif.
Haram el-Sharif-(Noble Sanctuary); Muslim Arab term for the Temple
Mount; site of the Dome of the Rock and the el-Aksa Mosque.
Haredim-Ultra-Orthodox Jews; non-Zionist or anti- Zionist.
Irgun-Also known as Etzel (the National Military, Organization),
underground military/terrorist arm of the Revisionist movement during the
British mandate; commanded by Menachem Begin.
Jabotinsky, Vladimir (Ze'ev)-Founder of Revisionist Zionism;
mentor of Menachem Begin.
Kach-Fundamentalist political organization headed by Rabbi Meir
Kahane, emphasizes the expulsion of Arabs from the entire Land of Israel.
Kasher, Menachem-Rabbi; religious scholar; author of The Great
Period; known in fundamentalist circles for his identification and
detailed analysis of contemporary period as that of the redemption.
Katzover, Beni-Founding member of Gush Emunim; participant in
Sebastia settlement; leader of the Nablus area settlers; Tehiya activist;
Kiryat Arba-Largest Jewish settlement in the West Bank; overlooks
Kook, Abraham Isaac-First chief rabbi of Palestine (1921-1935);
originator of theories of religious Zionism that form the ideological
basis of contemporary Jewish fundamentalism.
Kook, Tzvi Yehuda-Rabbi; son of Abraham Isaac Kook; leader and
charismatic guide of Gush Emunim activists; director of Merkaz HaRav
until his death in 1982.
Lehi-Freedom Fighters for Israel; also known as the Stern Gang,
for its leader; Abraham (Yair) Stern; terrorist underground group
specializing in assassination during the British mandate; split from the
Levinger, Mosh-Rabbi; a founder of Gush Emunim and, along with his
wife Miriam, of Jewish settlement in Hebron.
Machteret-Underground; Jewish terrorist groups associated with
fundamentalist movement uncovered in 1984.
Matzad-Religious Zionist movement; founded by Haim Druckman after
his departure in 1982 from the National Religious Party; formerly a
component of Morasha now a faction of the National Religious Party.
Merkaz HaRav-The Rabbi's Center; the Jerusalem yeshiva founded by
Rav Abraham Isaac Kook; subsequently led by his son, Rav Tzvi Yehuda
Kook; center for the development of Jewish fundamentalist thinking.
Mitzvah-A religious commandment within the halacha.
Morasha-Political party founded in 1984 by Haim Druckman combining
religiosity with ultranationalism; composed of Matzad and the
ultra-Orthodox party Poalei Agudat Yisrael (Pagi).
Neeman, Yuval-Israel's leading nuclear physicist; secular
ultranationalist; a founder and the leader of Tehiya; former cabinet
minister; presently a member of Knesset.
Nekuda-(Point); the monthly journal of Yesha; internal
ideological journal and news magazine of Gush Emunim; began publishing in
Orot-Lights; multivolume work of Rav Abraham Isaac Kook; mystical
presentation of his religious Zionism; also the name of a short-lived
political movement established by Hanan Porat in 1984.
Pikuach nefesh-Principle of preserving life rather than observing
Porat, Hanan-Rabbi; Charismatic founding member of Gush Emunim;
veteran settler of Kibbutz Gush Etzion; religious, mystical orientation.
Sabbatianism-Reckless faith in a false messiah; derived from
belief in seventeenth century of messiahship of Shabbatai Zevi.
Sebastia-Biblical site near Nablus; location of the first
successful attempt by Gush Emunim to establish an illegal settlement
Shechem-Biblical name of Nablus, largest city on the West Bank
after East Jerusalem.
Tehiya-Political party founded in 1979 by Gush Emunim activists;
composed of secular and religious fundamentalists; led by Yuval Neeman.
Torah-The Pentateuch; more broadly, Jewish religious law.
Tzomet-Movement for Zionist Renewal; founded after the Lebanon War
by former Chief of Staff Rafael Eitan; merged with Tehiya in 1984; left
Tehiya in 1987.
Waldman, Eleazar-Rabbi; head of yeshiva in Kiryat Arba; elected
to the Knesset on the Tehiya list.
Yamit-District of northeastern Sinai, including a city ~f the same
name. before its evacuation by Israel in April 1982, inhabited by 5,000
Yesha-Hebrew acronym for Judea, Samaria, and Gaza; also the name
of the Association for Jewish Local Councils in Judea, Samaria, and the
Gaza District; the Hebrew yeshua means "salvation."
Yishuv-The portion of the Jewish people residing, at any one time,
in the Land of Israel.
For the Land and the Lord