The Ways that Never Parted

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The Ways that Never Parted Jews and Christians in Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages, Ed. Adam H. Becker and Annette Yoshiko Reed, Hardback - TSAJ 95; Mohr Siebeck, 2003; Paperback - Fortress Press, 2007

Format: Paperback, 424 pages  6 x 9 inches
Publisher: Fortress Press
ISBN: 9780800662097
Item No: ED004194
Release Date: Friday, June 29, 2007

Traditional scholarship on the history of Jewish/Christian relations has been largely based on the assumption that Judaism and Christianity were shaped by a definitive "Parting of the Ways." According to this model, the two religions institutionalized their differences by the second century and, thereafter, developed in relative isolation from one another, interacting mainly through polemical conflict and mutual misperception. In recent years, however, scholars from a variety of fields have exposed the inadequacy of this model, pointing to our evidence for the continued interchange between Jews and Christians, as well as the surprising fluidity in the boundaries of religious identity, even centuries after the so-called “Parting.”

This collected volume grows out of a joint Princeton-Oxford project dedicated to exploring the limits of the traditional model and to charting new directions for future research. Drawing on the expertise of scholars of both Jewish Studies and Patristics, it offers an interdisciplinary perspective on the interaction between Jews and Christians between the Bar Kokhba Revolt and the rise of Islam. The contributors question the conventional wisdom concerning the formation of religious identity, the interpenetration of Jewish and Christian traditions, the fate of “Jewish-Christianity,” and the nature of religious polemics in Late Antiquity and the early Middle Ages.

In the process, they highlight the fascinating diversity that continued to characterize both religions. Not only do they illuminate the spectrum of biblically-based belief and practice that stretched between their respective “orthodoxies,” but they show how the dynamics of inter-religious dialogue differed according to the geographical, political, and social contexts of Jews and Christians. By moving beyond traditional assumptions about the essential differences between Judaism and Christianity, this volume thus attempts to open the way for a more nuanced understanding of the history of these two religions and the constantly changing yet always meaningful relationship between them.

Content: 

Foreword by Martin Goodman, Simon Price, and Peter Schäfer
Preface to Paperback Edition by Annette Yoshiko Reed & Adam H. Becker
"Introduction: Traditional Models and New Directions," Annette Yoshiko Reed & Adam H. Becker
"What Parting Of The Ways? Jews, Gentiles, and The Ancient Mediterranean City," Paula Fredriksen
"Semantic Differences; Or, Judaism/Christianity,” Daniel Boyarin
"The Weighing Of The Parts: Pivots And Pitfalls In The Study Of Early Judaisms And Their Early Christian Offspring," Robert A. Kraft
"The Lion And The Lamb: Reconsidering Jewish–Christian Relations In Antiquity," Andrew S. Jacobs
"Modeling The Parting Of The Ways,” Martin Goodman
"Beyond “Jewish Christianity”: Continuing Religious Sub-Cultures of the Second and Third Centuries And Their Documents," David Frankfurter
"The Jews And Christians In The Martyrdom Of Polycarp: Entangled Or Parted Ways?" E. Leigh Gibson
"Tractate Avot And Early Christian Succession Lists," Amram Tropper
“Jewish Christianity after the “Parting Of The Ways”: Approaches To Historiography And Self-Definition In The Pseudo-Clementines," Annette Yoshiko Reed
"A Convergence Of The Ways? The Judaizing Of Christian Scripture By Origen And Jerome," Alison Salvesen
"Whose Fast Is It? The Ember Day of September and Yom Kippur," Daniel Stökl Ben Ezra
"Zippora’s Complaint: Moses Is Not Conscientious In The Deed! Exegetical Traditions Of Moses’ Celibacy," Naomi Koltun-Fromm
"Rabbi Ishmael’s Miraculous Conception: Jewish Redemption History In Anti-Christian Polemic," Ra‘anan S. Abusch (Boustan)
"Jews And Heretics – A Category Error?" Averil Cameron
"Did Jewish Christians See The Rise Of Islam?" John G. Gager
"Beyond The Temporal And Spatial Limes: Questioning The “Parting Of The Ways” Outside The Roman Empire," Adam H. Becker

Reviews: 
  • David P. Efroymson in Theological Studies 65 (2004) 641f
  • James Carleton Paget in Journal of Ecclesiastical History 55 (2004) 560ff
  • Rafael Vicent in Salesianum 66 (2004): 563f
  • Guiseppe Segalla in Studia Patavina 51:3 (2004) 914-16
  • Anders Klostergaard Petersen in Religionsvidenskabeligt Tidsskrift 45 (2004) 89ff.
  • Simon C. Mimouni in Revue des Etudes Juives 163 (2004) 561-62
  • Judith Lieu in Shofar 23.4 (2005) 189-91
  • Ora Limor in Zion 70.2 (2005) 242-247.
  • National Federation of Priests’ Councils This Week, 8.12.2007 #
  • Michael Satlow in Journal for the American Academy of Religion 76.2 (2008) 512-514
  • Michael F. Bird in The Bible and Critical Theory 4.3 (2008) 59.1-59.8
  • Gideon Bohak in Journal for the Study of Judaism 39.3 (2008) 381
  • Adam Gregerman in Catholic Biblical Quarterly 70.3 (2008) 650-651
  • C. Tuckett in Expository Times 119.10 (2008) 494
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