Friday, April 10, 2015 - 12:00pm - 1:30pm
WHY DO SOME POLITICAL ACTORS SEEK TO INCLUDE immigrants in civic life – for example, widening the pathway to citizenship or encouraging electoral participation – while others are indifferent or actively seek to exclude new arrivals? In this manuscript workshop, SSPF Postdoctoral Fellow Erica Dobbs explores variation in civic outreach to immigrants in “new destinations,” societies where immigration is a recent phenomenon. Drawing on the cases of Spain, Ireland, and Northern Ireland, the project considers why similar political actors facing similar waves of migration respond in such different ways, and argues that understanding how societies managed demands for greater civic inclusion from its own minority groups in the past can help us explain civic outreach to immigrants in the present.
Michael Jones-Correa (Professor of Government, Cornell) and Rahsaan Maxwell (Associate Professor of Political Science, UNC-Chapel Hill) will comment on Dobbs' manuscript.
Friday, April 17, 2015 - 12:00pm - 1:30pm
POVERTY IN EUROPEAN MEDITERRANEAN COUNTRIES has long been widespread, and policies to combat it scarce. Given its embededness in family and community, however, it has also been less marginalized and stigmatized than in many other societies, making it what French sociologist Serge Paugam has termed “integrated poverty.” In this talk, Professor Saraceno argues that changing social and cultural conditions in Mediterranean Europe have transformed the experience of poverty. While it is still widespread, family-centered, and geographically concentrated, cultural reference groups and aspirations have become more de-localized, strengthening the perception of injustice and misfortune, while family solidarity is increasingly under stress. At the same time, income support measures have been implemented so that, in order to receive support, the poor must increasingly give up their rights as citizens and adults, agreeing to be told what their needs are and how they should behave. So, while Mediterreanean poverty remains distinctive, it increasingly involves the experiences of marginality and denigration typical of other areas.
Friday, April 24, 2015 - 12:00pm - 1:30pm
DRAWING ON HER RECENT EDITED VOLUME, Work and the Welfare State, Brodkin discusses two developments affecting contemporary welfare state politics: the advance of workfare-style policies in an increasing number of countries and a distinct, but related, transnational project of governance reform that targets street-level organizations (SLOs). Evidence from international studies shows how, together, these initiatives are pushing back against the welfare state’s equalizing capacities and intensifying the precariousness of life for those at the economic margins. Brodkin shows that SLOs are at the center of indirect political contests that often go unobserved, highlighting their crucial role in mediating inequality both as shapers of policy and politics and as key points of interaction between the state and those who are disadvantaged, marginalized, or unemployed.