SANCINITO, JANE E
No one in the early 8th century BCE would have taken a bet that a fledgling town in the middle of the Italian Peninsula would one day rule the Mediterranean World, just as no one in the early 4th century CE could imagine an alternative history. The history of Rome spans more than a millennium of great cultural, political, economic, and religious changes. Today we see the Romans as gladiators, as architects, as politicians, and we have surrounded ourselves, at times unconsciously, with symbols of their power, their innovations, and their art. Conquest, warfare, administration, and law making were the great successes of the Roman state and are its greatest legacies today. This class will track the Romans from their humble beginnings through the Republic and into the Roman Empire, exploring its literature, its archaeology, and its art. The course will emphasize political, cultural, and social changes and will focus on the methodologies used by historians to investigate and explain the past.