Updated June 26, 2013
Dr. Duckworth's research statement

Duckworth, A. L., & Carlson, S. M. (in press). Self-regulation and school success. In B.W. Sokol, F.M.E. Grouzet, & U. Müller (Eds.), Self-regulation and autonomy: Social and developmental dimensions of human conduct. New York: Cambridge University Press. (pdf)

Duckworth, A. L., Kirby, T., Gollwitzer, A., & Oettingen, G. (in press). From fantasy to action: Mental contrasting with implementation intentions (MCII) improves academic performance in children. Social Psychological and Personality Science. (pdf)

Eisenberg, N., Duckworth, A. L., Spinrad, T. L., & Valiente, C. (in press). Conscientiousness: Origins in childhood. Developmental Psychology. (pdf)

Friedman, H. S., Kern, M. L., Hampson, S. E., & Duckworth, A. L. (in press). A new lifespan approach to conscientiousness and health: Combining the pieces of the causal puzzle. Developmental Psychology.(pdf)

Kurzban, R., Duckworth, A. L., Kable, J. W., & Myers, J. (in press). An opportunity cost model of subjective effort and task performance. Behavioral and Brain Sciences. (pdf)

Robertson-Kraft, C., & Duckworth, A. L. (in press). True grit: Trait-level perseverance and passion for long-term goals predicts effectiveness and retention among novice teachers. Teachers College Record. (pdf)

Tsukayama, E., Duckworth, A. L., & Kim, B. E. (in press). Domain-specific impulsivity in school-age children. Developmental Science. (pdf)

Duckworth, A. L. (2013). True grit. The Observer, 26(4), 1-3. (pdf)

Duckworth, A. L., Kim, B., & Tsukayama, E. (2013). Life stress impairs self-control in early adolescence. Frontiers in Developmental Psychology, 3(608), 1-12. (pdf)

Duckworth, A. L., Tsukayama, E., & Kirby, T. (2013). Is it really self-control? Examining the predictive power of the delay of gratification test. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 39(7), 843-855. (pdf)

Duckworth, A. L. & Allred, K. M. (2012). Temperament in the classroom. In R. L. Shiner & M. Zentner (Eds.), Handbook of Temperament (pp. 627-644). New York, NY: Guilford Press.(pdf)

Duckworth, A. L., Quinn, P., Tsukayama, E. (2012). What No Child Left Behind leaves behind: The roles of IQ and self-control in predicting standardized achievement test scores and report card grades. Journal of Educational Psychology, 104(2), 439-451.(pdf)

Duckworth, A. L., Weir, D., Tsukayama, E., & Kwok, D. (2012). Who does well in life? Conscientious adults excel in both objective and subjective success. Frontiers in Personality Science and Individual Differences, 3(356), 1-8. (pdf)

Tsukayama, E., Duckworth, A. L., & Kim, B. (2012). Resisting everything except temptation: Evidence and an explanation for domain-specific impulsivity. European Journal of Personality, 26, 318-334.(pdf)

Almlund, M., Duckworth, A. L., Heckman, J., & Kautz, T. (2011). Personality psychology and economics. In E.A. Hanushek, S. Machin & L. Woessmann (Eds.), Handbook of the Economics of Education (pp. 1-181). Amsterdam: Elsevier. (pdf)  

Duckworth, A. L. (2011). The significance of self-control. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(7), 2639-40.(pdf) 

Duckworth, A. L., Grant, H., Loew, B., Oettingen, G. & Gollwitzer, P. M. (2011). Self-regulation strategies improve self-discipline in adolescents: Benefits of mental contrasting and implementation intentions. Educational Psychology: An International Journal of Experimental Educational Psychology31(1), 17-26. (pdf)
Duckworth, A. L. & Kern, M. L. (2011). A meta-analysis of the convergent validity of self control measures. Journal of Research in Personality, 45(3), 259-268. (pdf) 

Duckworth, A. L., Quinn, P. D., Lynam, D. R., Loeber, R., & Stouthamer-Loeber, M. (2011). Role of test motivation in intelligence testing. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108(19), 7716-7720.(pdf) 

Gollwitzer, A., Oettingen, G., Kirby, T. & Duckworth, A. L. (2011). Mental contrasting facilitates academic performance in school children. Motivation and Emotion, 35, 403-412.(pdf)

Kross, E., Duckworth, A. L., Ayduk, O., Tsukayama, E., & Mischel, W. (2011). The effect of self-distancing on adaptive versus maladaptive self-reflection in children. Emotion, 11(5), 1032 1039.  (pdf)

Roberts, B., Jackson, J., Duckworth, A. L., Von Culin, K. (2011). Personality measurement and assessment in large panel surveys. Forum for Health Economics & Policy, 14(3).(pdf)

Duckworth, A. L., Kirby, T., Tsukayama, E., Berstein, H., Ericsson, K. (2010). Deliberate practice spells success: Why grittier competitors triumph at the National Spelling Bee. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 2, 174-181.(pdf)

Duckworth, A. L., Tsukayama, E., & Geier, A. B. (2010). Self-controlled children stay leaner in the transition to adolescence. Appetite, 54(2), 304-308.(pdf)

Duckworth, A. L., Tsukayama, E., & May, H. (2010). Establishing causality using longitudinal hierarchical linear modeling: An illustration predicting achievement from self-control. Social Psychology and Personality Science, 1(4), 311-317.(pdf)

Romer, D., Duckworth, A. L., Sznitman, S., & Park, S. (2010). Can adolescents learn self control? Delay of gratification in the development of control over risk taking. Prevention Science, 11(3), 319-330.(pdf)

Tsukayama, E., Duckworth, A. L. (2010). Domain-specific temporal discounting and temptation. Judgment and Decision Making, 5(2), 72-82.(pdf)

Tsukayama, E., Toomey, S. L., Faith, M., & Duckworth, A. L. (2010). Self-control as a protective factor against overweight status in the transition to adolescence. Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, 164(7), 631-635. (pdf)

Duckworth, A. L. (2009). (Over and) beyond high-stakes testing. American Psychologist. 64(4), 279-280.(pdf)

Duckworth, A. L. & Quinn, P. D. (2009). Development and validation of the Short Grit Scale (Grit-S). Journal of Personality Assessment, 91, 166-174.(pdf)

Duckworth, A. L., Quinn, P. D., & Seligman, M.E.P. (2009). Positive predictors of teacher effectiveness. Journal of Positive Psychology, 19, 540-547.(pdf)

MacCann, C., Duckworth, A. L., & Roberts, R. (2009). Empirical identification of the major facets of conscientiousness. Learning and Individual Differences, 19, 451-458.(pdf)

Borghans, L., Duckworth, A. L., Heckman, J. J., & ter Weel, B. (2008). The economics and psychology of personality traits. Journal of Human Resources, 43(4), 972-1059.(pdf)

Duckworth, A. L., Peterson, C., Matthews, M. D., & Kelly, D. R. (2007). Grit: Perseverance and passion for long-term goals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92(6), 1087-1101.(pdf)

Duckworth, A. L. & Seligman, M. E. P. (2006). Self-discipline gives girls the edge: Gender differences in self-discipline, grades, and achievement test scores. Journal of Educational Psychology, 98, 198-208.(pdf)

Duckworth, A. L. & Seligman, M. E. P. (2005). Self-discipline outdoes IQ predicting academic performance in adolescents. Psychological Science, 16, 939-944.(pdf)

Duckworth, A. L., Steen, T. A., & Seligman, M. E. P. (2005). Positive Psychology in clinical practice. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 1, 629-651.(pdf)