•  Living with Colonialism: Nationalism and Culture in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2003).

  1. American Evangelicals in Egypt: Missionary Encounters in an Age of Empire (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2008).

  1. American Missionaries and the Middle East: Foundational Encounters, eds. Mehmet Ali Doğan and Heather J. Sharkey (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2011).

  1. Cultural Conversions: Unexpected Consequences of Christian Missions in the Middle East, Africa, and South Asia, ed. Heather J. Sharkey (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2013).

  1. Current project:  Identity and Community in the Modern Middle East, in preparation for Cambridge University Press.

Selected Articles

  1. “Le Soudan, un pays indivisible, dual ou pluriel?”, Afrique Contemporaine, 246 (2013), pp. 21-34.

  1. “African Colonial States,” The Oxford Handbook of Modern African History, Ed. John Parker & Richard Reid (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2013).

  1. “Ambiguous Conversions: The Selective Adaptation of Religious Cultures in Colonial North Africa,” in Religious Conversions and Nationalism in the Mediterranean World, ed. Nadia Marzouki and Olivier Roy (Houndmills, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), pp.77-97.

  1. “The Gospel in Arabic Tongues: British Bible Distribution, Evangelical Mission, and Language Politics in North Africa,” in Unexpected Consequences of Christian Missions in the Middle East, Africa, and South Asia, ed. Heather J. Sharkey (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2013), pp. 203-21. 

  1. “Language and Conflict: The Political History of Arabisation in Sudan and Algeria”, Studies in Ethnicity and Nationalism, 12:3 (2012), pp. 427-49.

  1. “Jihads and Crusades in Sudan, 1881 to the Present”,  in Just Wars, Holy Wars, and Jihads, ed. Sohail Hashmi (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012), pp. 263-82.

  1. “Christianity in the Middle East and North Africa,” in Introducing World Christianity, Ed. Charles Farhadian (Oxford: Blackwell, 2012), pp.7-20.

  1. “The British and Foreign Bible Society in Port Said and the Suez Canal”, Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 39:3 (2011), pp. 439-56.

  1. “Sudanese Arabic Bibles and the Politics of Translation,” The Bible Translator, Technical Paper, 62:1 (2011), pp. 37-45.

  1. The Ninety-Nine Percent Referendum: Southern Sudan Votes to Secede,” Berfrois: Intellectual Jousting in the Republic of Letters (blog), February 16, 2011.

  1. “American Presbyterians, Freedmen’s Missions, and the Nile Valley: Missionary History, Racial Orders, and Church Politics on the World Stage,” Journal of Religious History, 35:1 (2010), pp. 24-42.

  1. “American Missionaries, the Arabic Bible, and Coptic Reform in Late Nineteenth-Century Egypt,” in American Missionaries and the Middle East: Foundational Encounters, ed. Mehmet Ali Doğan and Heather J. Sharkey (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2011), pp. 237-59.

  1. “Introduction: American Missionaries and the Middle East: A History Enmeshed,” in American Missionaries and the Middle East: Foundational Encounters, ed. Mehmet Ali Doğan and Heather J. Sharkey (Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2011), pp. ix-xliii. 

  1. An Egyptian in China: Ahmed Fahmy and the Making of World Christianities,”, Church History, 78:2 (2009), pp. 309-26.

  1. “Arab Identity and Ideology in Sudan: The Politics of Language, Ethnicity, and Race,” African Affairs, 107:426 (2008), 21-43.

  1. “Muslim Apostasy, Christian Conversion, and Religious Freedom in Egypt: A Study of American Missionaries, Western Imperialism, and Human Rights Agendas”, in Proselytization Revisited: Rights, Free Markets, and Culture Wars, Ed. Rosalind I.J. Hackett (London: Equinox, 2008), pp. 139-66.

  1. “Umm Kulthum at the American University in Cairo: A Study in the Clash of Christianities”, in The Nile Valley: Politics, Identities, Cultures, Ed. Israel Gershoni & Meir Hatina (Boulder: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2008), pp. 157-78.

  1. “American Presbyterian Missionaries and the Egyptian Evangelical Church: The Colonial and Postcolonial History of a Christian Community,” Chronos: Revue d’Histoire de l’Université Balamand (Lebanon), 15 (2007), pp. 31-63.

  1. “Missionary Legacies: Muslim-Christian Encounters in Egypt and Sudan,” in Muslim-Christian Relations in Africa, Ed. Benjamin Soares (Leiden: Brill, 2006), pp. 57-88.

  1.   “American Mission, Egyptian Church: The Making of a Coptic Evangelical Presbyterian Community,” Journal of Presbyterian History, 84:2 (2006), pp. 170-80.

  1. “Arabic Poetry, Nationalism, and Social Change: Sudanese Colonial and Postcolonial Perspectives”, Literature and Nation in the Middle East, Ed. Yasir Suleiman & Ibrahim Muhawi (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2006), pp. 162-78.

  1.   “Sudan”, Muslim Cultures Today: A Reference Guide, Ed. Kathryn Coughlin (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 2006), pp. 171-85.

  1.   “Empire and Muslim Conversion: Historical Reflections on Christian Missions in Egypt,” Islam and Christian-Muslim Relations, 16:1 (2005), pp. 43-60.

  1.   “Globalization, Migration, and Identity: Sudan, 1800-2000,” in Globalization and the Muslim World: Culture, Religion, and Modernity, Ed. Birgit Schaebler & Leif Stenberg, Foreword by Roy Mottahedeh (Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 2004), pp. 113-37.

  1. “Arabic Antimissionary Treatises: Muslim Responses to Christian Evangelism in the Modern Middle East,” International Bulletin of Missionary Research, 28:3 (2004), pp. 112-18.

  1.   “Christian Missionaries and Colloquial Arabic Printing”, Journal of Semitic Studies, Supplement 15: History of Printing and Publishing in the Languages and Countries of the Middle East, Ed. Philip Sadgrove, published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the University of Manchester (2004), pp. 131-49.

  1.   “Sudan: Oil and War,” in African Contemporary Record, Ed. Colin Legum, 27:1 (1999-2000) (New York: Holmes and Meier, 2004), pp. B651-B677.

  1.   “Chronicles of Progress: Northern Sudanese Women in the Era of British Imperialism,” Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History, 31:1 (2003), pp. 51-82.

  1.   “A New Crusade or an Old One?”, ISIM Newsletter (Leiden: International Institute for the Study of Islam in the Modern World), 12 (June 2003), 48-49.

  1.   “Colonialism, Character-Building and the Culture of Nationalism in the Sudan, 1898-1956,” The International Journal of the History of Sport, 15:1 (1998) pp. 1-26.  This article was republished in an anthology in 2003: The Decolonization Reader, Ed. James D. LeSueur (London: Routledge, 2003), pp. 218-35.

  1.   “Christians among Muslims: the Church Missionary Society in the Northern Sudan”, Journal of African History, 43 (2002), pp. 51-75.

  1.   “The Egyptian Colonial Presence in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan, 1898-1932,” in White Nile, Black Blood: War, Leadership, and Ethnicity from Khartoum to Kampala, Ed. Jay Spaulding & Stephanie Beswick (Lawrenceville, N.J.: Red Sea Press), 2000), pp. 279-314.

  1.   “A Century in Print: Arabic Journalism and Nationalism in the Sudan, 1899-1999,” in International Journal of Middle East Studies, 31:4 (1999), pp. 531-49.

  1.   “Arabic Literature and the Nationalist Imagination in Kordofan,” in Kordofan Invaded: Peripheral Incorporation and Social Transformation in Islamic Africa, Ed. Michael Kevane & Endre Stiansen (Leiden: Brill, 1998), pp. 165-79.

  1.   “Tabaqat of the Twentieth-Century Sudan: Arabic Biographical Dictionaries as a Source for Colonial History, 1898-1956,” Sudanic Africa: A Journal of Historical Sources, 6 (1995), pp. 17-34.

  1.   “Ahmad Zayni Dahlan's al-Futuhat al-Islamiyya: A Contemporary View of the Sudanese Mahdi,” Sudanic Africa: A Journal of Historical Sources, 5 (1994), pp. 95-110.  This article is also available here and here.

  1.   “Luxury, Status, and the Importance of Slavery in the Nineteenth- and Early Twentieth-Century Northern Sudan,” Northeast African Studies, Vol. 1, Nos. 2-3, New Series (1994), pp. 187-206.