Jeffrey H. Tigay, Publications
1971 “Literary-Critical Studies in the Gilgamesh Epic: An Assyriological Contribution to Biblical Literary Criticism
1982 The Evolution of the Gilgamesh Epic. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.
Repr. with Foreword by Tzvi Abusch, Wauconda, IL: Bolchazy-Carducci, 2003.
1985 Empirical Models for Biblical Criticism (principal author and editor). Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press (paperback, 1988).
Repr. with Foreword by Richard Elliott freedman, in the series Dove Studies in Bible, Language, and History. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf & Stock Publishers, 2005. For Introduction click here.
1986 You Shall Have No Other Gods. Israelite Religion in the Light of Hebrew Inscriptions. Harvard Semitic Studies 31. Atlanta: Scholars Press.
Abridged version, "Israelite Religion: The Onomastic and Epigraphic Evidence" (1987) (details below).
1988 Co-editor (with Barry L. Eichler) of Judah Goldin, Studies in Midrash and Related Literature. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society.
1996 The JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America.
Abridged version, "P'shat Commentary" on Deuteronomy, in Etz Hayim. Torah and Commentary. New York: The Rabbinical Assembly and The United Synagogue of America, pp. 980-1212, 1464-1467, 1509.
1997  Tehilla le-Moshe. Biblical and Judaic Studies in Honor of Moshe Greenberg. Co-editor with M. Cogan and B.L. Eichler. Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbraun's.
2008 Birkat Shalom. Studies in the Bible, Ancient Near Eastern Literature and Post-biblical Judaism presented to Shalom M. Paul on the Occasion of his Seventieth Birthday. Co-editor with C. Cohen, A. Hurowitz, A. Hurvitz, B. Schwartz, and Y. Muffs. Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns.
2011 A Common Cultural Heritage: Studies on Mesopotamia and the Biblical World in Honor of Barry L. Eichler. Co-editor with G. Frame, E. Leichty, K. Sonik and S. Tinney. Bethesda, Md.: CDL Press.
1966 The Language of Prayer." The Torch. Summer 1966/5726:38-42.
1967 "Other Ancient Near Eastern Creation Stories and Why We Study Them," "Comparison with Genesis," "The Sabbath," "Ancient Near Eastern Themes in the Story of Eden," and "Stories of the Flood: Biblical and Others." Pp. 64-83, 124- 25, and 197-202 in Genesis: The Student's Guide, Part I. Ed. Louis Newman. New York: United Synagogue Commission on Jewish Education, 1967.
1967 Translation from Hebrew of "Yehezkel Kaufmann, Biblical Scholar," by H.L. Ginsberg, published with revisions by the author in H.L. Ginsberg, New Trends in the Study of the Bible. Essays in Judaism Series, No, 4. (New York:Jewish Theological Seminary, n.d.).
1970 "Psalm 7:5 and Ancient Near Eastern Treaties." Journal of Biblical Literature 89:178-86.
1971 "A Description of Baal" (co-author with Marvin H. Pope). Ugarit-Forschungen 3:117-30. Reprinted in M.H. Pope, Probative Pontificating in Ugaritic and Biblical Literature. Collected Essays. Ed. Mark S. Smith. Munster: Ugarit-Verlag, 1994, pp. 63-82.
1972 On Translating the Torah". Conservative Judaism 26/2 (Winter, 1972):14-30.
1972 Articles in Encyclopaedia Judaica, first edition (Jerusalem: Keter, and New York: Macmillan): (The second edition [available to authorized users on the Penn Library website]: Detroit: Macmillan Reference USA, 2007)
"Abrech." 2:173 (2d ed. 1:329-330).
"Adoption." 2:298-301 (2d ed. 1:415-417).
"Adultery." 2:313-15 (2d ed. 1:424-425).
"Asenapper." 3:692-93 (2d ed. 2:555).
"Ashima." 3:711 (superseded by S.D. Sperling's article in 2nd ed. 2:566, based on newly discovered information).
"Blindness." 4:1088-90 (2d ed. 3:753-754).
"Drunkenness." 6:237-38 (2d ed. 6:26-27).
"Eber." 6:344-45 (2d ed. 6:85).
"Ethan." 6:921 (2d ed. 6:523-524).
"Ethbaal." 6:921 (2d ed., with revisions by S. David Sperling, 6:524).
"Lamentations, Book of." 10:1368-75 (2d ed., with revisions by Alan Cooper, 12:446-450).
"Paradise." 13:77-82 (2d ed. 15:623-627).
1973 "Toward the Recovery of pohar, 'company,' in Biblical Hebrew." Journal of Biblical Literature 92:517-22.
1973 "The Book of Jonah and the Days of Awe." In "Friday Forum," The Jewish Exponent, Philadelphia, October 5, 1973, pp. 6, 8. Revised version below, 1986: "The Book of Jonah and the Days of Awe."
1974 "Moses' Speech Difficulty." Gratz College Annual of Jewish Studies 3:29-42. Revised version below, 1978: "'Heavy of Mouth' and 'Heavy of Tongue': On Moses' Speech Difficulty."
1974 "Triennial Confusion." Conservative Judaism 29/1 (Fall, 1974):81-84.
1975 "Jewish Studies and the University of Pennsylvania" (with L. J. Silberstein). "Friday Forum," The Jewish Exponent, Philadelphia, January 31, 1975, pp. 1, 6.
1975 "An Empirical Basis for the Documentary Hypothesis." Journal of Biblical Literature 94:329-342. Revised version in Empirical Models for Biblical Criticism (above, 1985), chapter 2, "Conflation as a Redactional Technique."
1976 "On Some Aspects of Prayer in the Bible." AJS (=Association for Jewish Studies) Review 1:363-79.
1976 Articles in Entsiqlopedia Miqra'it (Encyclopaedia Biblica), Volume 7 (in Hebrew; Jerusalem: Mosad Bialik):
Qinah, Qinot ("Dirges"), cols. 125-44.
Shavua ("Week"), cols. 468-79.
Shabbat ("Sabbath"), cols. 504-17.
Shavua and Shabbat are reprinted as Shavua; Shemita, 1. Minyan Sheva Shanim; and Shabbat, in Jacob S. Licht, Time and Holy Days in the Biblical and Second Commonwealth Periods [Biblical Encyclopaedia Library, III; Jerusalem: Mosad Bialik, 1988], pp. 15-26, 55-58, 83-100.)
1977 "Was There an Integrated Gilgamesh Epic in the Old Babylonian Period?" In Ancient Near Eastern Studies in Memory of Jacob Joel Finkelstein, ed. M. deJ. Ellis; Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences, Memoir 19: 215-18.
1977 "The Samaritan Pentateuch as an Empirical Model for the Literary Criticism of the Torah" (in Hebrew). Beth Mikra 3:348-61 (revised Hebrew version of "An Empirical Basis for the Documentary Hypothesis," 1975).
1978 Classified "Bibliography of H.L. Ginsberg's Writings." In H.L. Ginsberg Volume. Eretz-Israel 14 (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society), pp. 13-27 (Hebrew Section).
1978 "Notes on the Development of the Jewish Week." In H.L. Ginsberg Volume. Eretz-Israel 14 (Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society), pp. 111*-121* (Non-Hebrew Section).
1978 "'Heavy of Mouth' and 'Heavy of Tongue': On Moses' Speech Difficulty." Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 231:57-67 (revised version of "Moses' Speech Difficulty," 1974).
1978 "Lifne Hashabbat and 'Ahar Hashabbat: 'On the Day Before the Sabbath' and 'On the Day After the Sabbath'." Vetus Testamentum 28:362-65.
1979 "On the Term Phylacteries (Matt 23:5)." Harvard Theological Review 72:45-52. Reprinted in Bible and Spade 10/3-4 (Summer-Autumn, 1981):86-94.
1982 "On the Meaning of T(W)TPT (totafot)." Journal of Biblical Literature 101:321-31.
1982 Article in Entsiqlopedia Miqra'it (Encyclopaedia Biblica), Volume 8 (in Hebrew; Jerusalem: Mosad Bialik):
Tefillin (Phylacteries"), cols. 883-95.
1983 "The Stylistic Criteria of Source-Criticism in the Light of Ancient Near Eastern Literature." Pp. 67-91 in A. Rofe and Y. Zakovitch, eds., Isac Leo Seeligmann Volume (Jerusalem: Rubinstein), Vol. 3. Revised version in Empirical Models for Biblical Criticism (above, 1985), chapter 5.
1983 "An Early Technique of Aggadic Exegesis." Pp. 169-89 in H. Tadmor and M. Weinfeld, eds., History, Historiography, and Interpretation. (Jerusalem: The Hebrew University of Jerusalem. The Institute of Advanced Studies. Magnes Press).
1984 "The Image of God and the Flood: Some New Developments." Pp. 169-82 in A.M. Shapiro and B.I. Cohen, eds., Studies in Jewish Education and Judaica in Honor of Louis Newman. (New York: KTAV).
1985 "On an Inscription from Hazor." In M. Cogan and E. Oren, eds., S. Abramsky Festschrift. Beer-Sheba 2 (Beersheba, Israel: Ben Gurion University of the Negev):107-9.
1985 Articles in Harper's Bible Dictionary, edited by Paul J. Achtemeier (San Francisco: Harper & Row; page numbers in parentheses refer to the revised edition, HarperCollins Bible Dictionary [San Francisco: HarperCollins, 1996]):
"Frontlet," p. 323 (352).
"Lamentations of Jeremiah, The" (co-author with David Glatt), pp. 544-45.
"Phylacteries" (co-author with David Glatt), pp. 795-96 (854).
"Sabbath" (co-author with David Glatt), pp. 588-89 (954-55).
1985 "Traditional and Modern Responses to the Christological Interpretation of the Bible." Pp. 119-29 in Proceedings of the Rabbinical Assembly, Vol. 46. Eighty-Fourth Annual Convention, 1984. Edited by J. Harlow. New York: The Rabbinical Assembly).
1986 "The Book of Jonah and the Days of Awe." Conservative Judaism 38/2 (Winter 1985-86):67-76 (revised version of "The Book of Jonah and the Days of Awe," 1973).
1986 Introduction to E. Tov, "The David and Goliath Saga," in Bible Review 4 (Winter, 1986), p. 35.
1986 Article in Illustrated Dictionary and Concordance of the Bible. Ed. G. Wigoder et al. (New York: Macmillan):
"Flood," pp. 357-360.
1987 "What is Man That You Have Been Mindful of Him? (On Ps. 8:4-5)." Pp. 169- 171, in J. Marks and R. Good, eds., Love and Death in the Ancient Near East. Essays in Honor of Marvin H. Pope. (Guilford, Connecticut: Four Quarters Press).
1987 "Israelite Religion: The Onomastic and Epigraphic Evidence." Pp. 157-194 in Ancient Israelite Religion: Essays in Honor of Frank Moore Cross. Edited by Patrick D. Miller and others (Philadelphia: Fortress Press).
1988 "Genesis, Science, and 'Scientific Creationism.'" Conservative Judaism 40/2 (Winter, 1987-88):20-27.
1990 "A Second Temple Parallel to the Blessings from Kuntillet Ajrud." Israel Exploration Journal 40:218.
1993 "A Talmudic Parallel to the Petition from Yavneh-Yam" in Minhah le-Nahum. Biblical and Other Studies Presented to Nahum M. Sarna in Honour of his 70th Birthday, ed. M Brettler and M. Fishbane. Journal for the Study of the Old Testament Supplement Series 154, pp. 328-333.
1993 "On Evaluating Claims of Literary Borrowing," in The Tablet and the Scroll. Near Eastern Studies in Honor of William W. Hallo, ed. Mark Cohen, Daniel C. Snell, and David B. Weisberg (Bethesda MD: CDL Press), pp. 250-255.
1993 "Examination of the Accused Bride in 4Q159: Forensic Medicine at Qumran," in Journal of the Ancient Near Eastern Society of Columbia University 22 (Festschrift for Yohanan Muffs), ed. E.L. Greenstein and D. Marcus, pp. 129-134.
1995 "lo' nas leho, 'He had not become wrinkled' (Deut. 34:7),"in Solving Riddles and Untying Knots. Biblical, Epigraphic, and Semitic Studies in Honor of Jonas C. Greenfield, ed. Z. Zevit, S. Gitin, and M. Sokoloff (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbrauns), pp. 345-350.
1995 "Some Archaeological Notes on Deuteronomy," in Pomegranates and Golden Bells: Studies...Milgrom, ed. D.P. Wright, D.N. Freedman, and A. Hurvitz (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbraun's), pp. 373-380.
1996 "Parashat Terumah," in Learn Torah With..., ed. S. Kelman and J.L. Grishaver (Los Angeles: Alef Design Group, 1996), pp. 141-147.
1996 "The Significance of the End of Deuteronomy (Deut. 34:10-12)," in Texts, Temples, and Traditions: A Tribute to Menahem Haran, ed. M.V. Fox et al. (Winona Lake, IN: Eisenbraun's), pp. 137-143.
1996 "Jonas C. Greenfield (October 20, 1926-March 13, 1995)," in Archiv fur Orientforschung 42-43 (1995-96):329-331. For a Polish translation, click here .
1997 "The Evolution of the Pentateuchal Narratives in the Light of the Evolution of the Gilgamesh Epic" (chapter 1 of my Empirical Models for Biblical Criticism ), reprinted in Studies in Biblical History, ed. M. Cogan (Jerusalem: Zalman Shazar Center for Jewish History, 1997), pp. 369-400.
1997 "Moshe Greenberg: An Appreciation" (co-author) in Tehillah le-Moshe. Biblical and Judaic Studies in Honor of Moshe Greenberg, ed. M. Cogan, B.L. Eichler, and J. H. Tigay (Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbraun's), pp. ix-xxi.
1997 "'He Begot a Son in His Likeness after His Image' (Gen. 5:3)," in Tehillah le- Moshe. Biblical and Judaic Studies in Honor of Moshe Greenberg, ed. M. Cogan, B.L. Eichler, and J. H. Tigay (Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbraun's), pp. 139-147.
1997 Articles for Oxford Dictionary of the Jewish Religion, ed. R.J. Zwi Werblowsky and G. Wigoder (Oxford University Press):
"Ir Ha-Nidahat" ("The Subverted City"), p. 356.
"Moses, Blessing of," p. 481.
"Moses, Song of," pp. 481-2.
1997 "Summary: The Evolution of the Gilgamesh Epic" (from my The Evolution of the Gilgamesh Epic ), reprinted in J. Maier, ed., Gilgamesh: A Reader (Wauconda, IL: Bolchazy-Carducci), pp. 41-49.
1997 "Reason and Values" in "Tree of Life. A Collection of Torah Values," Hadassah Magazine 79/2 (October): 24-25.
1998 "A True Pioneer" (on Judah Goldin), The Jewish Exponent, Philadelphia, June 25, p. 18 (revised versions printed as "Judah Goldin, 1914-1998" in Judah Goldin and the Study of Rabbinics [Philadelphia: Jewish Studies Program, University of Pennsylvania, 1999], pp. 1-5, and in AJS Perspectives. The Association for Jewish Studies Newsletter, Fall 1999, p. 19).
1999 "Greenberg, Moshe." In Dictionary of Biblical Interpretation. Nashville: Abingdon, pp. 464-65.
1999 "Some More Delocutive Verbs in Hebrew" in Ki Baruch Hu. Ancient Near Eastern, Biblical and Judaic Studies in Honor of Baruch A. Levine, ed. Robert Chazan, W.W. Hallo, and L.H. Schiffman (Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbraun's), pp. 407-10.
1998 "Judaism on the Cutting Edge." In Hadassah Magazine, August/September, p. 54.
1999 "The Bible 'Codes': A Textual Perspective." On my website: http://www.sas.upenn.edu/~jtigay/codetext.html. For a Belorussian translation, click here.
1999 "The Calendar and Theology," in Jewish Education and Jewish Statesmanship: Albert Elazar Memorial Book, ed. Daniel J. Elazar (Jerusalem: Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs), pp. 17-26.
2000 "'Archaeology' of the Bible and Judaism in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages," pp. 490-97 in The Archaeology of Jordan and Beyond. Essays in Honor of James A. Sauer, ed. L.E. Stager, J.A. Greene, and M.D. Coogan. Harvard Semitic Museum Publications. Studies in the Archaeology and History of the Levant 1 (Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns).
2000 "Seals and Seal Impressions," sections 2.70 A-H, 2.71-78, in The Context of Scripture. Canonical Compositions, Monumental Inscriptions, and Archival Documents from the Biblical World, Vol. 2, ed. W.W. Hallo and K.L. Younger, Jr. (Leiden: Brill), pp. 197-204. (Note: for the division of labor in this article between Millard and Tigay, see footnote * at the beginning.)
2000 Foreword to N.M. Sarna, Studies in Biblical Interpretation (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society), pp. xiii-xxiv. Revised and abridged version posted as obituary on the websites of The Jewish Telegraphic Agency and The American Academy for Jewish Research.
2001 "Samuel Tobias Lachs."
2001 "P'shat Commentary" on Deuteronomy (an abridgement of my The JPS Torah Commentary: Deuteronomy ) in Etz Hayim. Torah and Commentary (New York: The Rabbinical Assembly and The United Synagogue of America), pp. 980-1212, 1464-1467, 1509.
Essays "T'fillin and M'zuzot" and "Hazak Hazak Venithazzek" reprinted in Etz Hayim Study Companion, ed. J. Blumenthal and J.L. Liss (New York: The Rabbinical Assembly and The United Synagogue of America, 2005), pp. 257-263, 385-387.
2001 "Hazak Hazak Venithazzek," in the above-mentioned EtzHayim, pp. 1504-1505.
Reprinted in the above-mentioned Etz Hayim Study Companion, pp. 385-387.
2001 "Deuteronomy 4 and the Art of Homiletics in the Bible," in Proceedings of the Rabbinical Assembly, Vol. 62 (2002):256-62.
2003 "Divine Creation of the King in Psalm 2:6." Pp. 246*-251* in Hayim and Miriam Tadmor Volume, Eretz-Israel 27, ed. A. Ben-Tor, I. Eph'al, and P.B. Machinist (Israel Exploration Society)
2003 "Sharing Weal and Woe: "Expressions of Solidarity," in Emanuel: Studies in Hebrew Bible, Septuagint, and Dead Sea Scrolls in Honor of Emanuel Tov (Supplements to Vetus Testamentum, 94), ed. R.A. Kraft, S.M. Paul, and L. Shiffman (Leiden: Brill), pp. 811-26.
2003 "Exodus," pp. 102-202 in The Jewish Study Bible, ed. A. Berlin and M. Brettler (New York: Oxford University Press)
2003 "Chaim Potok's Contributions to Jewish Education" Conference on Alternatives in Jewish Education (New York: Coalition for the Advancement of Jewish Education, 2003), pp. 35-36.
2004 "What's in a Name?" Bible Review 20/1 (February), pp. 34-43, 47-48, 50-51. Available online, to subscribers, at the Biblical Archaeology Society Online Archive, http://www.basarchive.org/bswbLogin.asp. Those with access to the University of Pennsylvania Library website can go directly to http://proxy.library.upenn.edu:5642/bswbSearch.asp?PubID=BSBR&Volume=20&Issue=1&ArticleID=7&UserID=2316&.
2004 "The Presence of God and the Coherence of Exodus 20:22-26," pp. 195-211 in Sefer Moshe: The Moshe Weinfeld Jubilee Volume. Studies in the Bible and the Ancient Near East, Qumran and Post-Biblical Judaism, ed. C. Cohen, A. Hurvitz, and S.M. Paul (Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns).
2004 "Anthology in the Torah and the Question of Deuteronomy." In D. Stern, ed., The Anthology in Jewish Literature (Oxford University Press)
2004 "Biblical Hebrew Enrollments in the MLA's Report on Foreign Language Enrollments."
2005 "Nahum Sarna" (necrology). American Academy for Jewish Research, www.aajr.org/obituaries.html.
2005 "An Appreciation: Nahum Sarna Set the Course for Meaningful Biblical Scholarship." Jewish Telegraphic Agency, June 28, 2005
2005 "Hayim Tadmor, 1923-2005 (necrology; co-author with Avigdor Hurowitz. American Academy for Jewish Research, www.aajr.org/obituaries.html.
2006 "Rabbi Chaim Potok, z"l." In Proceedings of the Rabbinical Assembly, 2002 Joint Convention. Vol. 64, pp. 370-373. New York: The Rabbinical Assembly, 2006).
2007 "Tikva Simone Frymer-Kensky" (1943-2006) (necrology). In AJS Perspectives. The Magazine of the Association for Jewish Studies, Spring, 2007, pp. 42-43. Hebrew version in Shnaton: An Annual for Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies, 2007.
2007 "The Priestly Reminder Stones and Ancient Near Eastern Votive Practices." Pp. 339*-355* in Shay: Studies in the Bible, Its Exegesis and Language Presented to Sara Japhet. Ed. M. Bar Asher, D. Rom-Shiloni, E. Tov, N. Wazana. Jerusalem: Mosad Bialik.
2008 "'The Voice of the Lord Causes Hinds to Calve' (Psalm 29:9)." Pp. 399-411 in Birkat Shalom. Studies in the Bible, Ancient Near Eastern Literature and Post-biblical Judaism presented to Shalom M. Paul on the Occasion of his Seventieth Birthday. Ed. C. Cohen et al. Winona Lake, Indiana: Eisenbrauns.
2011 "The Role of the Elders in the Laws of Deuteronomy." Pp. 89-96 in A Common Cultural Heritage: Studies on Mesopotamia and the Biblical World in Honor of Barry L. Eichler, ed. Grant Frame, Erle Leichty, Karen Sonik, Jeffrey Tigay and Steve Tinney (Bethesda, Md.: CDL Press).
2012 "Professor Moshe Greenberg (1928-2010)" (in Hebrew). In Shnaton: An Annual for Biblical and Ancient Near Eastern Studies 21 (2012):1-5. For obituaries in English see the Philadelphia Jewish Exponent, June 3, 2010; the website of the Society of Biblical Literature, and the Rabbinical Assembly's Memorial Book Bitzeror Hahayyim for 2011
2012 "The Documentary Hypothesis, Empirical Models and Holistic Interpretation.” In Jun Ikeda et al., eds., Modernity and Interpretations of Ancient Texts. The Collapse and Remaking of Traditions. IIAS Reports, 2012 (International Institute of Advanced Studies, Kizugawa-City, Kyoto, Japan). Pp. 116-143.
1971 H. M. Orlinsky, Notes on the New Translation of the Torah. In The Synagogue School 30/1-2 (Fall):47-50.
1976 Review of D.R. Hillers, Lamentations. A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary." (Anchor Bible, Vol. 7A). Journal of Near Eastern Studies 35:140- 43.
1981 T. Ishida, The Royal Dynasties of Ancient Israel. In Israel Exploration Journal 31:249-51.
1984 "Moshe Greenberg, Ezekiel, 1-20. A New Translation with Introduction and Commentary (Anchor Bible, Vol. 22)." In Journal of the American Academy of Religion 52:761.
1985 "Moshe Greenberg, Biblical Prose Prayer as a Window to the Popular Religion of Ancient Israel." In Journal of the American Oriental Society 105:155-56.
"'Some are mentioned and blessed, others are mentioned and cursed' (Leviticus Rabbah 32:6) - A Semantic Note". In UShmuel BeQor'ei Shemo, Shmuel Leiter Memorial Volume, ed. M. Hirschman et al.
"The Torah Scroll and God’s Presence."” In "Built by Wisdom, Established by Understanding": Essays in Honor of Adele Berlin, ed. B. Cooperman, M. Grossman, and H. Lapin; College Park, MD: University Press of Maryland.
"Foreword" to the forthcoming reissue of Moshe Greenberg, Understanding Exodus.
Last revised January 10, 2013
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