Gordion Research Bibliography

© Gordion Archaeological Project and the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology.

Bibliography originally compiled by G. K. Sams, expanded and updated by R.C. Henrickson (2001). Naomi F. Miller will be happy to add relevant publications of Gordion project members. If you notice typos or other errors, please let me know.

Most recent update: September 15, 2014

NOTE: Most University of Pennsylvania dissertations are available through Penn Scholarly Commons, and the Architectural Conservation Laboratory maintains a list of Gordion masters theses.

A Å B C Ç D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z Index


A [back to top]


Anderson, Gunlog E. 1980. The Common Cemetery at Gordion. Ph.D. thesis, Bryn Mawr College.

Anderson, Gunlog E. 2012. In the Shadow of Tumulus MM: The Common Cemetery and Middle Phrygian Houses at Gordion. In The Archaeology of Phrygian Gordion, Royal City of Midas, ed. C.B. Rose pp. 171-188. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Arslan, Melih. 1989. [Report on salvage excavation of the Mama Deresi tumulus] in Müze I.

Aslan, Carolyn. 2013. Review of Rose and Darbyshire (2011), The New Chronology of Iron Age Gordion. The Classical Review 63: 564-566. [Link]

Aytuğ, Burhan. 1986. Kral Midas'la gömülen mobilyalar. Arkeometri Ünitesi Bilimsel Toplantı Bildirileri VI: 3-11. Ankara.

Aytuğ, Burhan. 1988. Le mobilier funéraire du roi Midas I. In Wood and Archaeology, Acts of the European Symposium, Louvain-la-Neuve, eds. T. Hackens, A.V. Munaut, C. Till. PACT 22: 357-368. Council of Europe, Strasbourg.

Aytuğ, Burhan and Ertuğrul Görcelioğlu. 1989. Gordion'daki 'P' Tümülüsü'nde Bulunmuş Mobilyalar. IV. Arkeometri Sonuçları Toplantısı: 49-59. Ankara.

Aytuğ, Burhan and S. Pehlivan. 1989. Gordion'daki 'P' Tümülüsü'nde bulunmuş mobilyalar -II- ve bazı odun eşyalar. Aksay Üniversitesi, Bilimsel Toplantı Bildirileri I:123-148. Ankara


Å [back to top]


Åkestrom, Åke. 1966. Die architektonischen Terrakotten Kleinasiens. Gordion terracottas, pp. 136-161. Lund.


B [back to top]


Ballard, Mary W. 2012. King Midas' Textiles and His Golden Touch. In The Archaeology of Phrygian Gordion, Royal City of Midas, ed. C.B. Rose pp. 165-170. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Ballard, M., B. Burke, and E. Simpson. 2012. Gordion Textiles. In Phrygians: In the Land of Midas, In the Shadow of Monuments (Frigler: Midas'ın Ülkesinde, Anıtların Gölgesinde) , eds. T. Sivas and H. Sivas, pp. 360-375. Yapı Kredi Yayınları, Istanbul.

Barber, E. J. W. 1991. Prehistoric Textiles: The Development of Cloth in the Neolithic and Bronze Ages, with Special Reference to the Aegean. Princeton. [Gordion textiles: pp. 18, 101-103, 197-198, 218-219, 225, 268n, 284, 291, 302, 318n, 389-390, 392]

Bedel, Banu. 2006. Revealing Gordion: A Case of Virtual Heritage Interpretation. Masters thesis, University of Cincinnati.

Bellinger, Louisa. 1962. Textiles from Gordion. Bulletin of the Needle and Bobbin Club 46: 5-34.

Bellinger, Alfred R. 1968. Electrum Coins from Gordion. In Essays in Greek Coinage Presented to Stanley Robinson, eds. C.M. Kraay and G.K. Jenkins, pp. 10-15. Oxford.

Bennett, Julian and Andrew L. Goldman. 2009. A Preliminary Report on the Roman Military Presence at Gordion, Galatia. In Limes XX. XXth International Congress of Roman Frontier Studies, eds. Ángel Morillo, Norbert Hanel, and Esperanza Martín, pp. 1605-1616. Madrid.

Blackman, M. James and Robert C. Henrickson. 1994. Ancient and Modern Clays and Phrygian Pottery Production at Gordion. American Journal of Archaeology 98: 338.

Blanchette, Robert A. 1994. Deterioration Processes in the Midas Mound Tomb Structure, Furniture and Coffin. Anadolu Medeniyetleri Müzesi 1993 Yıllığı, 185-187. Ankara

Blanchette, Robert and K. Cease, A. Abad, R. Koestler, E. Simpson, and G.K. Sams. 1991. An Evaluation of Different Forms of Deterioration Found in Archaeological Wood. International Biodeterioration 28: 3-22. [link]

Blanchette, Robert and E. Simpson. 1992. Soft Rot Decay and Wood Pseudomorphs in an Ancient Coffin (700 B.C.) from Tumulus MM at Gordion, Turkey. International Association of Wood Anatomists 13(2): 201-213.

Bossert, Eva-Marie. 1993. Zur Datum der Zerstörung des phrygischen Gordion. Istanbuler Mitteilungen 43: 287-292.

Bostancı, Enver Y. 1962. Biometrical and Morphological Study of the Astragalus Calcaneus of the Roman People of Gordion in Anatolia. Ankara.

Börker-Klähn, Jutta. 1997. "Hereinspaziert--hineingeschaut!" Puppenspiel in Gordion? Antike Welt 28.5: 415-417.

Brixhe, Claude. 1981. Appendix I. In Gordion Excavations Reports, Vol. I: Three Great Early Tumuli [P, MM, W], Rodney S. Young et al. University Museum, Philadelphia.

Brixhe, Claude. 1995. Appendix A. In The Gordion Excavations (1950-1973) Final Reports, Vol. II, Part 1: The Lesser Phrygian Tumuli: The Inhumations, Ellen L. Kohler. University Museum, Philadelphia.

Brixhe, Claude and Michel Lejeune. 1984. Corpus des inscriptions paléo-phrygiennes. Paris. [Gordion: pp. 73-214]

Brown, Kristine Stuart. 1980. The Question of Near Eastern Textile Decoration of the Early First Millennium B.C. as a Source for Greek Vase Painting of the Orientalizing Style. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. [link]

Brownlee, Ann Blair. 2009. His Golden Touch. The Gordion Drawings of Piet de Jong. Expedition 51(2): 39-44. [ link]

Burke, Brendan. 2001. Anatolian Origins of the Gordian Knot Legend. Greek, Roman, and Byzantine Studies 42: 255-261.

Burke, Brendan. 2005. Textile Production at Gordion and the Phrygian Economy. In The Archaeology of Midas and the Phrygians, ed. L. Kealhofer, pp. 69-81. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Burke, Brendan. 2010. From Minos to Midas: Ancient Cloth Production in the Aegean and in Anatolia. Oxford and Oakville.

Burke, Brendan. 2012. The Rebuilt Citadel at Gordion: Building A and the Mosaic Building Complex. In The Archaeology of Phrygian Gordion, Royal City of Midas, ed. C.B. Rose, pp. 202-218. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.


C [back to top]


Carter, T. H. 1955. Collecting Animal Bones in Turkey. Bulletin of the Philadelphia Anthropological Society 9 (November): 8-9.

Cook, J. M. and D. J. Blackman 1971. Archaeology in Western Asia Minor 1965-1970. Archaeological Reports for 1970-1971, 33-62; Gordion, 60-62.

Cox, Dorothy H. 1953. A Third Century Hoard of Tetradrachms from Gordion. University Museum Monograph. Philadelphia.

Cox, Dorothy H. 1966. Gordion Hoards III, IV, V, and VII. American Numismatic Society, Museum Notes 12: 19-55.


Ç [back to top]


Çiner, Refakat. 1971. Gordion Roma Halki Femur ve Tibia'larinin Tetkiki. Ankara Üniversitesi Dil ve Tarih-Cografya Fakültesi Yayınları No. 194].


D [back to top]


Dandoy, Jeremiah. 1996. Astragali, the Ubiquitous Gaming Pieces. Expedition 38(1): 51-58. [link]

Dandoy, J.R., P. Selinsky and M. M. Voigt. 2002. Celtic Sacrifice. [at Gordion] Archaeology 56.1: 44-47. [link]

Darbyshire, Gareth. 2007. Keith DeVries. Expedition 49(2): 6. [link]

Darbyshire, Gareth. 2009. Ellen Kohler. Expedition 51(2): 9-10. [link]

Darbyshire, Gareth, Kenneth W. Harl, and Andrew L. Goldman. 2009. "To the Victory of Caracalla." New Roman Altars at Gordion. Expedition 51(2): 31-38. [link]

Darbyshire, Gareth and Gabriel H. Pizzorno. 2009a. Building Digital Gordion. Expedition 51(2): 23-30. [link]

Darbyshire, Gareth and Gabriel H. Pizzorno. 2009b. Gordion in History. Expedition 51(2): 12-21. [link]

Del Bono, Elisa. 2011. Finding Visibility. The Stabilization and Display of Terrace Building Two. In Gordion Awakened, eds. M. Keller and F.G. Matero, pp. 106-137. Architectural Conservation Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

DeVries, Keith. [Published under name of R. S. Young] 1974. Gordion, 1973. Anatolian Studies 24: 31-32.

DeVries, Keith. 1979. Gordion 1978. Anatolian Studies 29: 197-198.

DeVries, Keith (ed.). 1980a. From Athens to Gordion: The Papers of a Memorial Symposium for Rodney S. Young. University Museum Papers 1. Philadelphia. [Review: Sams 1982] [buy the book!]

DeVries, Keith. 1980b. Greeks and Phrygians in the Early Iron Age. In From Athens to Gordion: The Papers of a Memorial Symposium for Rodney S. Young, ed. K. DeVries, pp. 33-50. University Museum Papers 1. Philadelphia.

DeVries, Keith. 1981a. Gordion, 1979. Anatolian Studies 30: 213-214.

DeVries, Keith. 1981b. Gordion, 1980. Anatolian Studies 31: 186-187.

DeVries, Keith. 1983. Gordion, 1982. Anatolian Studies 33: 243-244.

DeVries, Keith. 1984. Gordion, 1983. Anatolian Studies 34: 214-215.

DeVries, Keith. 1985. Gordion Work 1983. VI. Kazı Sonuçları Toplantısı, 273-277. Ankara.

DeVries, Keith. 1986. Gordion 1984. III. Araştırma Sonuçları Toplantısı, 261-266. Ankara.

DeVries, Keith. 1987a. Gordion Work 1985. IV. Araştırma Sonuçları Toplantısı, 203-206. Ankara.

DeVries, Keith. 1987b. Phrygian Gordion before Midas. In Anatolian Iron Ages, ed. A. Çilingiroğlu, pp. 6-12. Izmir.

DeVries, Keith. 1988a. Gordion and Phrygia in the Sixth Century B.C. In Phrygian Art and Archaeology, special issue of Source: Notes in the History of Art VII, nos. 3/4, eds. Oscar White Muscarella, pp. 51-59. New York.

DeVries, Keith. 1988b. Gordion 1986. V(1). Araştırma Sonuçları Toplantısı, 423-426. Ankara.

DeVries, Keith. 1989. Gordion Work, 1987. X(1). Kazı Sonuçları Toplantısı, 175-180. Ankara.

DeVries, Keith. 1990. The Gordion Excavation Seasons of 1969-1973 and Subsequent Research. American Journal of Archaeology 94: 371-406. [link]

DeVries, Keith. 1993. Greek Pottery from Gordion in Light of the New Excavations. American Journal of Archaeology 97: 303.

DeVries, Keith. 1997. The Attic Pottery from Gordion. In Athenian Potters and Painters, The Conference Proceedings, eds. John H. Oakley, William D.E. Coulson and Olga Palagia, pp. 447-455. Oxford.

DeVries, Keith. 2000. Gordion. Expedition 42(1): 18-20. [link]

DeVries, Keith. 2005. Greek Pottery and Gordion Chronology. In The Archaeology of Midas and the Phrygians, ed. L. Kealhofer, pp. 36-55. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

DeVries, Keith. 2007. The Date of the Destruction Level at Gordion: Imports and the Local Sequence. In Anatolian Iron Ages 6. The Proceedings of the Sixth Anatolian Iron Ages Colloquium held at Eskişehir, 16-20 August 2004, eds. Altan Çilingiroğlu and Antonio Sagona, pp. 79-101. Peeters, Leuven, Paris and Dudley, Massachusetts.

DeVries, Keith. 2008. The Age of Midas at Gordion and Beyond. Ancient Near Eastern Studies 45: 30-64.

DeVries, Keith. 2011a. The Creation of the Old Chronology. In The New Chronology of Iron Age Gordion, eds. C.B. Rose and G. Darbyshire, pp. 13-22. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

DeVries, Keith. 2011b. Textual Evidence and the Destruction Level. In The New Chronology of Iron Age Gordion, eds. C.B. Rose and G. Darbyshire, pp. 49-57. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

DeVries, K., P.I. Kuniholm, G.K. Sams and M.M. Voigt. 2003. New Dates for Iron Age Gordion. Antiquity 77 (2003). [link]

DeVries, Keith and C. Brian Rose. 2012. The Throne of Midas? Delphi and the Power Politics of Phrygia, Lydia, and Greece. In The Archaeology of Phrygian Gordion, Royal City of Midas, eds. C.B. Rose, pp. 189-200. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Diakonoff, Igor M. and Neroznak, V.P. 1985. Phrygian Anatolian and Caucasian Studies. Caravan Books, Delmar, New York.

Dickey, Keith. 1993. The Gordion Regional Survey: Preliminary Report for 1987-1992. American Journal of Archaeology 97: 304.

Dorge, V. 1992. The Gordion Furniture Project or How I Spend My Summer Vacations. Canadian Conservation Institute Newsletter No. 9 (April).

Dusinberre, Elspeth R.M. 2005. Gordion Special Studies III: Gordion Seals and Sealings: Individuals and Society. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia. [Buy the book!] Data and color photos can be downloaded from tDAR 'The Digital Archaeological Record' website.

Dusinberre, Elspeth R.M. 2008. Circles of Light and Achaemenid Hegemonic Style in Gordion's Seal 100. In Love for Lydia. A Sardis Anniversary Volume Presented to Crawford H. Greenewalt, Jr. , ed. Nicholas D. Cahill, pp. 87-98. Cambridge, Massachusetts and London.


E [back to top]


Ebbinghaus, Susanne. 2008. Patterns of Elite Interaction: Animal-headed Vessels in Anatolia in the Eighth and Seventh Centuries BC. In Anatolian Interfaces: Hittites, Greeks and their Neighbours. Proceedings of an International Conference on Cross-Cultural Interaction, September 17-19, 2004, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, eds. Billy Jean Collins et al., pp. 181-190. Oxford.

Edwards, G. Roger. 1959a. Gordion Campaign of 1958: Preliminary Report. American Journal of Archaeology 63: 263-268. [link]

Edwards, G. Roger. 1959b. Gordion Report--1958. Türk Arkeoloji Dergisi 9: 12-13.

Edwards, G. Roger. 1963a. Gordion--1962. Expedition 5(3): 42-48. [link]

Edwards, G. Roger. 1963b. Gordion [1962 campaign]. Anatolian Studies 13: 19-20.

Edwards, G. Roger. 1980. Postscript. In From Athens to Gordion: The Papers of a Memorial Symposium for Rodney S. Young, ed. in K. DeVries, pp. 159-168. University Museum Papers 1. Philadelphia.

Ellis, Richard. 1981. Appendix 5. In Gordion Excavation Reports, Vol. I: Three Great Early Tumuli [P, MM, W], by Rodney S. Young. University Museum, Philadelphia.

Erder, E. and Gürsan-Salzmann. 2011. Defining Context. A Conservation Management Plan for Gordion and Its Environs. In Gordion Awakened, eds. M. Keller and F.G. Matero, pp. 2-24. Architectural Conservation Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Erder, Evin, Ayse Gürsan-Salzmann, and Miller, Naomi F.
2013. A Conservation Management Plan for Gordion and Its Environs. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 15 (3-4): 329-347.

Expedition. 2000. Gordion, several articles. Expedition 42.2. [link]

Expedition. 2009. Gordion special issue. Expedition 51.2. [link]


F [back to top]


Falck, Lindsay and Betty Prime. 2011. Creating Experience. Planning and Designing the Visitor Circuit. In Gordion Awakened, eds. M. Keller and F.G. Matero, pp. 48-65. Architectural Conservation Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Fall, Patricia. 2012. Review of Miller (2010), Botanical Aspects of Environment and Economy. American Journal of Archaeology 116 (1), on line: [link]

Filley, T., R. Blanchette, E. Simpson, and M. Fogel. 2001. Nitrogen Cycling by Wood Decomposing Soft-rot Fungi in the 'King Midas Tomb,' Gordion, Turkey. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 98 (23): 13346-50.

Fleischman, John. 2000. Midas' Feast. Discover 21(11): 70-75.

Friedrich, Johannes. 1941. Gordion. REA, columns 781-891.


G [back to top]


Gates, Marie-Henriette. 1994. Archaeology in Turkey. American Journal of Archaeology 98: 249-278. [Gordion p. 262]

Gates, Marie-Henriette. 1995. Archaeology in Turkey. American Journal of Archaeology 99. [Gordion pp. 227-228]

Gates, Marie-Henriette. 1996. Archaeology in Turkey. American Journal of Archaeology 100: 277-335. [Gordion pp. 307-308]

Gates, Marie-Henriette. 1997 Archaeology in Turkey. American Journal of Archaeology 101: 241-305. [Gordion pp. 272-274]

Giuliano, A. 1960. Gordion. Enciclopedia dell'Arte Antica, Classica e Orientale III : 978-980. Rome

Glendinning, Matthew R. 1995. New Work on the Architectural Terracottas from Gordion. American Journal of Archaeology 99: 343-344.

Glendinning, Matthew R. 1996a. A Mid-Sixth-Century Tile Roof System at Gordion. Hesperia 65 (1996) 99-119. [link]

Glendinning, Matthew R. 1996b. Phrygian Architectural Terracottas at Gordion. Ph.D. thesis, University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.

Glendinning, Matthew R. 2002. Recovering the Lost Art of Phyrgian Tiling. Expedition 44(2): 28-35. [link]

Glendinning, Matt. 2005. A Decorated Roof at Gordion: What Tiles Are Revealing about the Phrygian Past. In The Archaeology of Midas and the Phrygians , ed. L. Kealhofer, pp. 82-100. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Glendinning, Matt. 2007. Frig pişmiş toprak imari levhaları/Phrygian architectural terracottas. In Friglerin gizemli uyarlığı/The Mysterious Civilization of the Phrygians, pp. 181-187. Kültür ve Türizm Bakanlığı.Yapı Kredi Yayınları, Istanbul.

Goldman, Andrew. 1997. A New Military Inscription from Gordion. Anadolu Medeniyetleri Müzesi 1996 Yıllığı, 45-57. Ankara.

Goldman, Andrew. 2000. The Roman-Period Settlement at Gordion, Turkey. Ph.D. thesis, University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.

Goldman, Andrew. 2001. A Roman Town Cemetery at Gordion, Turkey. Expedition 42(3): 3-4. [link]

Goldman, Andrew. 2002. A Rare Roman Trio. Octagonal Gemstones Excavated at Gordion. Expedition 44(3): 3-4. [link]

Goldman, Andrew L. 2005. Reconstructing the Roman-period Town at Gordion. In The Archaeology of Midas and the Phrygians, ed. L. Kealhofer, pp. 56-68. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Goldman, Andrew L. 2007a. The Roman-period cemeteries at Gordion in Galatia. Journal of Roman Archaeology 20: 299-320.

Goldman, Andrew. 2007b. From Phrygian Capital to Rural Fort. New Evidence for the Roman Military at Gordion, Turkey. Expedition 49(3): 6-12. [link]

Gonzalez, Lupe. 1989. Life at Gordion: In the Field - Summer 1988. The University Museum Newsletter 27(4): 1-3.

Goodman, Mark M. 2002. Site Preservation at Gordion, an Iron Age city in Anatolia. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 5.4: 195-212.

Gorman, Jessica. 2000. King Midas' Modern Mourners. Science News 158(19) (Nov. 4): 296-298.

Grave, Peter et al. 2009. Ceramic production and provenience at Gordion, Central Anatolia. Journal of Archaeological Science 36: 2162-2176.

Grave, Peter, Lisa Kealhofer, and Ben Marsh. 2005. Ceramic Compositional Analysis and the Phrygian Sanctuary at Dümrek. In The Archaeology of Midas and the Phrygians, ed. L. Kealhofer, pp. 149-160. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Greenewalt, Crawford H., Jr. 1966. Lydian Pottery of the Sixth Century B.C.: The Lydion and Marbled Ware. Ph.D. thesis, University of Pennsylvania. [link]

Greenewalt, Crawford H., Jr. 2012. Gordion Through Lydian Eyes. In The Archaeology of Phrygian Gordion, Royal City of Midas, ed. C.B. Rose, pp. 259-276. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Gunter, Ann C. 1991. Gordion Excavations Final Reports III: The Bronze Age. University Museum, Philadelphia.

Gunter, Ann C. 2006. Issues in Hittite Ceramic Production: A View from the Western Frontier. In Struktuierung und Datierung in der hethititischen Archäologie: Foraussetzungen-Probleme-Neue Ansätze, eds. Dirk Paul Mielke, Ulf-Dietrich Schoop, and Jürgen Seeher. Byzas 4: 349-363. Istanbul.

Gürsan-Salzman, Ayşe. 2001. The Women of Yassıhöyük, Turkey: Changing Roles in a New Economy. Expedition 43(3): 19-28. [link]

Gürsan-Salzmann, Ayşe. 2005. Ethnographic Lessons for Past Agro-Pastoral Systems in the Sakarya-Porsuk Valleys. In The Archaeology of Midas and the Phrygians, ed. L. Kealhofer, pp. 172-189. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Gürsan-Salzman, Ayşe. 2010. A Conservation Management Plan for Preserving Gordion and Its Environs. Expedition 52(1): 4-7. [link]

Gürtekin-Demir, R. Gül. 2007. Provincial Productions of Lydian Painted Pottery. In Anatolian Iron Ages 6. The Proceedings of the Sixth Anatolian Iron Ages Colloquium held at Eskişehir, 16-20 August 2004, eds. Altan Çilingiroğlu and Antonio Sagona, pp. 47-77. Peeters, Leuven, Paris and Dudley, Massachusetts.

Güterbock, Hans G. 1974. Kleine Beiträge zum Verständnis der Ankara-Reliefs. Baghdader Mitteilungen 7: 97-99.

Güterbock, Hans G. 1980. Seals and Sealings in Hittite Lands. In From Athens to Gordion: The Papers of a Memorial Symposium for Rodney S. Young, , eds. Keith DeVries, pp. 51-63. University Museum Papers 1. Philadelphia


H [back to top]


Henrickson, Robert C. 1993a. Politics, Economics, and Ceramic Continuity at Gordion in the late Second and First Millennia B.C. In Social and Cultural Contexts of New Ceramic Technologies. Ceramics and Civilization VI, ed. W.D. Kingery, pp. 89-176. Westerville, Ohio.

Henrickson, Robert C. 1993b. Pottery, Politics, and Ethnicity at Gordion in the Middle Phrygian through Hellenistic Periods (700-150 B.C.). American Journal of Archaeology 97: 303.

Henrickson, Robert C. 1994. Continuity and Discontinuity in the Ceramic Tradition of Gordion during the Iron Age. In Anatolian Iron Ages 3: The Proceedings of the Third Anatolian Iron Ages Colloquium held at Van, 6-12 August 1990, eds. A. Çilingiroğlu and D.H. French, pp. 95-129. Ankara.

Henrickson, Robert C. 1995a. A Comparison of Production of Large Storage Vessels in Two Ancient Ceramic Traditions. In Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology IV. Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 352, eds. P.B. Vandiver, J. Druzik, J.L. Galvan, I.A. Freestone, and G.S. Wheeler et al., pp. 553-571. Pittsburgh.

Henrickson, Robert C. 1995b. Hittite Potters and Pottery: The View from Late Bronze Age Gordion. Biblical Archaeology 58(2): 82-90. [link]

Henrickson, Robert C. 2005. The Local Potter's Craft at Phrygian Gordion. In The Archaeology of Midas and the Phrygians, ed. L. Kealhofer, pp. 124-135. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Henrickson, Robert C. and M. James Blackman. 1996. Large-Scale Production of Pottery at Gordion: A Comparison of the Late Bronze and Early Phrygian Industries. Paléorient 22.1: 67-87. [link]

Henrickson, Robert C. and M. James Blackman. 1999. Hellenistic Production of Terracotta Roof Tiles Among the Ceramic Industries at Gordion. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 18(3): 307-326. [link]

Henrickson, Robert C. et al. 2002. Lustrous Black Fine Ware at Gordion, Turkey: A Distinctive Sintered Slip Technology. Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology VI: 391-399. Washington.

Henrickson, R.C. 2007. Frig çanak çömleği/ Phrygian pottery. In Friglerin gizemli uyarlığı/The Mysterious Civilization of the Phrygians, pp. 189-200. Kültür ve Türizm Bakanlığı.Yapı Kredi Yayınları, Istanbul.

Henrickson, Robert C., and Mary M. Voigt. 1998. The Early Iron Age at Gordion: The Yassıhöyük Stratigraphic Sequence. In Thracians and Phrygians: Problems of Parallelism (Proceedings of an International Symposium on the Archaeology, History, and Ancient Languages of Thrace and Phrygia [Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey, 2-6 June 1995]), eds. Numan Tuna, Zeynep Aktüre, and Maggie Lynch, pp. 79-107. Centre for the Research and Assessment of the Historic Environment. Middle Eastern Technical University (METU), Faculty of Architecture Press, Ankara.

Hillen, C. 1956. Review of Young, Gordion-1950 and Progress at Gordion--1951-1952. Bibliotheca Orientalis 13, nos. 5-6 (Sept.-Nov.): 232-233.

Holloway, R. Ross. 1957. A Terracotta from Gordion and the Traditions of the Seated Kybele. M.A. thesis, University of Pennsylvania.


I [back to top]


Il, Özgür. 2009. Tumuli Asiae Minoris: Untersuchung zu den phrygischen und lydischen Tumulusgräbern der Eisenzeit im zentralen und westlichen Kleinasien. Ph.D. thesis, Heidelberg.


J [back to top]


Johnston, Robert. 1970. Pottery Practices at Gordion, Central Anatolia during the 8th to 6th Centuries B.C. An Analyzing and Synthesizing Study. Ph.D. thesis, Pennsylvania State University.

Jones, Janet Duncan. 1993. Core-Formed Glass Vessels from Gordion: Luxury Goods from the West. American Journal of Archaeology 97: 303-304.

Jones, Janet Duncan. 1995. Classical and Hellenistic Core-Formed Vessels from Gordion. Journal of Glass Studies 37: 21-33.

Jones, Janet D. 2005. Glass Vessels from Gordion: Trade and Influence Along the Royal Road. In The Archaeology of Midas and the Phrygians, ed. L. Kealhofer, pp. 101-116. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Jones, Janet D. 2009. Did the Phrygians Make Glass? Sources of Mounded Glass at Iron Age and Hellenistic Gordion. In Annales of the 17th Congress of the International Association for the History of Glass, 2006, ed. K. Janssens et al., pp. 21-26 Antwerp.


K [back to top]


Kayacık, H. and B. Aytuğ. 1968. Recherches au point de vue forestier sur les matériaux en bois du tombeau royal de Gordion. Istanbul Üniversitesi Orman Fakültesi Dergisi, Series A, Vol. XVIII, fasc. 1: 1-18.

Kealhofer, Lisa (ed.). 2005. The Archaeology of Midas and the Phrygians: Recent Work at Gordion. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia. [Review: Roller (2006)] [buy the book!]

Kealhofer, Lisa. 2005. Settlement and Land Use: The Gordion Regional Survey. In The Archaeology of Midas and the Phrygians, ed. L. Kealhofer, pp. 137-148. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Keller, Meredith A. 2009. The Early Phrygian Gate at Gordion, Turkey: An Investigation of Dry Stone Masonry in Seismic Regions and Recommendations for Stabilization. (Masters Thesis). University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Keller, Meredith. 2011. Measuring Stability. Construction, Condition, and the Future of Gordion's Early Phrygian Gate. In Gordion Awakened, eds. M. Keller and F.G. Matero, pp. 66-106. Architectural Conservation Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Keller, Meredith and Frank G. Matero, eds. 2011. Gordion Awakened. Conserving a Phrygian Landscape / Canlanan Gordion: Frig Peyzajının Korunması. The Architectural Conservation Laboratory Monograph Series 1, Gordion Site Conservation Project. Architectural Conservation Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

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Kohler, Ellen L. 1995. The Gordion Excavations (1950-1973) Final Reports, Vol. II, Part 1: The Lesser Phrygian Tumuli: The Inhumations. University Museum, Philadelphia. [Review: Summers, 1998] [buy the book!]

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Kuniholm, Peter I. 1997. Aegean Dendrochronology Project: 1995-1996. XII. Arkeometri Sonuçları Toplantısı: 163-175. Ankara. [Gordion Tumulus B 166]

Kuniholm, Peter Ian and Maryanne W. Newton, with Richard F. Liebhart. 2011. Dendrochronology at Gordion. In The New Chronology of Iron Age Gordion, eds. C.B. Rose and G. Darbyshire, pp. 79-122. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.


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Liebhart, Richard F. and Claude Brixhe. 2009. The Recently Discovered Inscriptions from Tumulus MM at Gordion: A Preliminary Report. Kadmos 48: 141-156.

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Marsh, Ben and Lisa Kealhofer 2014. Scales of impact: Settlement history and landscape change in the Gordion region, central Anatolia. The Holocene 2014: 1-13. doi: 10.1177/0959683614526937 [link]

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Marston, John M. 2012. Reconstructing the Functional Use of Wood at Phrygian Gordion through Charcoal Analysis. In The Archaeology of Phrygian Gordion, Royal City of Midas, ed. C.B. Rose pp. 47-54. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Marston, John M. and Naomi F. Miller2014. Intensive Agriculture and Land Use at Roman Gordion, Central Turkey. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany.

Matero, Frank G. 2011. Resurrecting Place. Conservation as Interpretation and Display of a Phrygian Capital. In Gordion Awakened, eds. M. Keller and F.G. Matero, pp.26-47. Architectural Conservation Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Matero, Frank. 2012. Resurrecting Gordion: Conservation as Interpretation and Display of a Phrygian Capital. In The Archaeology of Phrygian Gordion, Royal City of Midas, ed. C.B. Rose pp. 227-241. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Matero, Frank G. and C. Brian Rose. 2011. Resurrecting Gordion. Preserving Turkey's Phrygian Capital. Expedition 53(1): 21-29. [link]

Matero, Frank G., C. Brian Rose, and G. Kenneth Sams. 2011. Beginnings. In Gordion Awakened, eds. M. Keller and F.G. Matero, pp. x-?. Architectural Conservation Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

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Mellink, Machteld J. 1988. The Persian Empire: Anatolia. Cambridge Ancient History IV (2nd Ed. 1988), 211-233 (esp. 228-230).

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METU [Middle East Technical University]. 1965. Yassıhöyük: A Village Study. METU, Ankara.

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Miller, Naomi F. 1999a. Interpreting Ancient Environment and Land Use: Seeds, Charcoal and Archaeological Context. [at Gordion] TÜBA-AR 2: 15-29.

Miller, Naomi F. 1999b. Erosion, Biodiversity, and Archaeology: Preserving the Midas Tumulus at Gordion/Erozyon, Bioçeşitlilik ve Arkeoloji, Gordion'daki Midas Höyüğü'nun Korunması. Arkeoloji ve Sanat 93: 13-19 + plate.

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Miller, Naomi F. 2002. Drawing on the Past, An Archaeologist's Sketchbook. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia. [includes large section on Gordion project] [buy the book!]

Miller, Naomi F. 2009. Past, Present and Future of the Landscape in the Land of King Midas: Gordion, Turkey. Oriental Institute, University of Chicago. [video]

Miller, Naomi F. 2010. Botanical Aspects of Environment and Economy at Gordion, Turkey. Gordion Special Studies V. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia. [Reviews: Fall 2012; Longford 2012; Wallace 2012] [buy the book!] Data and color photos can be downloaded from tDAR 'The Digital Archaeological Record' website.

Miller, Naomi F. 2011a. Managing Predictable Unpredictability: The Question of Agricultural Sustainability at Gordion. In Sustainable Lifeways: Cultural Persistence in an Ever-changing Environment, eds. N.F. Miller, K.M. Moore, and K. Ryan, pp. 310-324. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Miller, Naomi F. 2011b. Gordion: Open-Air Archaeological Site as Garden, Historical Landscape as Park. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia. [video]

Miller, Naomi F. 2012. Working with Nature to Preserve Site and Landscape at Gordion. In The Archaeology of Phrygian Gordion, Royal City of Midas, ed. C.B. [buy the book!] pp. 243-258. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

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Miller, Naomi F., Kimberly E. Leaman, and Julie Unruh. 2006. Serendipity. Secrets of the Mudballs. Expedition 48(3): 40-41. [link]

Miller, Naomi F. , Melinda A. Zeder, and Susan R. Arter. 2009. From Food and Fuel to Farms and Flocks: The Integration of Plant and Animal Remains in the Study of Ancient Agropastoral Economies at Gordion, Turkey. Current Anthropology 50: 915-924. [link]

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Muscarella, Oscar White. 1958. The Fibulae from Tumulus MMT at Gordion M.A. thesis, University of Pennsylvania.

Muscarella, Oscar White. 1964. Ancient Safety Pins: Their Function and Significance. Expedition 6 (Winter) 34-40.

Muscarella, Oscar White. 1965. Phrygian Fibulae from Gordion. Ph.D. thesis, University of Pennsylvania.

Muscarella, Oscar White. 1967 Phrygian Fibulae from Gordion. Colt Archaeological Institute Monograph 4. London

Muscarella, Oscar White. 1982. King Midas' Tumulus at Gordion. Quarterly Review of Archaeology (Dec.) 7-10. [Review article on Young (1981)]

Muscarella, Oscar White, (ed.). 1988. Phrygian Art and Archaeology. Special issue of Source: Notes in the History of Art VII, nos. 3/4. New York.

Muscarella, Oscar White. 1995. The Iron Age Background to the Formation of the Phrygian State. Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research 299/300: 91-101.

Muscarella, Oscar W. 2003. The Date of the Destruction of the Early Phrygian Period at Gordion. Ancient West and East 2: 225-252.

Muscarella, Oscar White. 2007. Frig Fibulaları/Phrygian Fibulae. In Friglerin gizemli uyarlığı/The Mysterious Civilization of the Phrygians, pp. 173-179. Kültür ve Türizm Bakanlığı. Yapı Kredi Yayınları, Istanbul.

Musacarella, Oscar White. 2008. Again Gordion's Early Phrygian Destruction Date: ca. 700 +/- B.C. In Studies in Honour of Aykut Çınaroğlu, eds. Elif Genç and Duygu Çelik, pp. 175-186. Ankara.


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Orel, Vladimir. 1997. The Language of Phrygians: Description and Analysis [sic] Anatolian and Caucasian Studies. Caravan Books, Delmar, New York. [Gordion pp. 156-246]


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Payne, Sebastian. 1995. Appendix B. In The Gordion Excavations (1950-1973) Final Reports, Vol. II, Part 1: The Lesser Phrygian Tumuli: The Inhumations, Ellen L. Kohler. University Museum, Philadelphia.

Payton, Robert. 1984. The Conservation of an Eighth Century B.C. Table from Gordion. Adhesives and Consolidants, International Institute of Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works, 133-137.

Pfister, F. 1926. Gordion als Mittelpunkt der altionischen Erdkarte. Philologus 82: 359-363.

Pizzorno, Gabriel H. and Gareth Darbyshire. 2012. Mapping Gordion. In The Archaeology of Phrygian Gordion, Royal City of Midas, ed. C.B. Rose pp. 23-38. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Pohl, A. 1957. Assyriologische Rundschau, 8. Orientalia 26: 368-369. [Review of Mellink, Hittite Cemetery].

Porada, Edith. 1956. Measurements and Photographs of the Seals Found in Tarsus and Gordion. Yearbook of the American Philosophical Society, 351-353.

Prag, A. J. N. W. 1989. Reconstructing King Midas -- A First Report. Anatolian Studies 39: 159-165. [link]

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Ralph, Elizabeth K. 1959. University of Pennsylvania Radiocarbon Dates III. American Journal of Science, Radiocarbon Supplement 1, 45-48, and esp. 46-47, for Gordion.

Ramage, Andrew. 1983. Review of Young, Three Great Early Tumuli (1981) in American Journal of Archaeology 87: 406-407.

Ramage, Andrew. 1995. Review of Sams, Gordion IV [1994]: American Journal of Archaeology 99: 344-345.

Rogers, Mark H. 1989. Site Conservation at Phrygian Gordion. Honors thesis, University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill.

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Roller, Lynn E. 1986. A Hellenistic Statuette from Gordion. American Journal of Archaeology 90: 209.

Roller, Lynn E. 1987a. Gordion Special Studies, Vol. I: Nonverbal Graffiti, Dipinti, and Stamps. University Museum, Philadelphia. [Buy the book!]

Roller, Lynn E. 1987b. Hellenistic Epigraphic Texts from Gordion. Anatolian Studies 37: 103-133. [link]

Roller, Lynn E. 1989. The Art of Writing at Gordion. Expedition 31(1): 54-61. [link]

Roller, Lynn E. 1991. The Great Mother at Gordion: The Hellenization of an Anatolian Cult. Journal of Hellenic Studies 111: 128-143. [link]

Roller, Lynn E. 2005. A Phrygian Sculptural Identity? Evidence from Early Phrygian Drawings in Iron Age Gordion. In Anatolian Iron Ages 5. Proceedings of the Fifth Anatolian Iron Ages Colloquium held at Van, 6-10 August 2001, eds. Çilingiroğlu, Altan and Gareth Darbyshire, pp. 125-130. British Institute at Ankara, Monograph 31. London.

Roller, Lynn E. 2006. Review of Kealhofer (ed.), The Archaeology of Midas and the Phrygians. American Journal of Archaeology 110: 539-550.

Roller, Lynn E. 2009. Gordion Special Studies IV: The Incised Drawings from Early Phrygian Gordion University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia. [buy the book!]

Roller, Lynn E. 2012. Pictures in Stone: Incised Drawings on Early Phrygian Architecture. In The Archaeology of Phrygian Gordion, Royal City of Midas, ed. C.B. Rose pp. 101-110. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Roller, Lynn E. and Andrew Goldman. 2002. A Latin Epitaph from Gordion. ZPE 141: 215-220.

Romano, Irene Bald 1995. Gordion Special Studies II: The Terracotta Figurines and Related Vessels University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia. [buy the book!]

Rose, C. Brian. 2012a. The Archaeology of Phrygian Gordion, Royal City of Midas. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia. [buy the book!]

Rose, C. Brian. 2012b. Introduction: The Archaeology of Phrygian Gordion. In The Archaeology of Phrygian Gordion, Royal City of Midas, ed. C.B. Rose pp. 1-21. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia.

Rose, C. Brian and Gareth Darbyshire, eds. 2011. The New Chronology of Iron Age Gordion. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia. [buy the book!] [Review: Aslan 2013; Summers 2013; Yakar 2013]


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Saldern, Axel von. 1959b. Die Bedeutung der Ausgrabungen in Gordion für die Geschichte des Luxusglas. in Glastechnische Berichte, V. Internationaler Glaskongress Heft 8 (1959) 1-8.

Salzman, Dieter. 1982. Untersuchungen zu den antiken Kieselmosaiken (DAI Archäologische Forschungen 10, Berlin,). [For Gordion mosaics: pp. 4, 6-8, 78, 93-94; Nos. 46-56]

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1969. The Pottery Industry of Gordion at the Time of the Kimmerian Invasion. American Journal of Archaeology 73: 244-245.

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1971. The Phrygian Painted Pottery of Early Iron Age Gordion and Its Anatolian Setting. Ph.D. thesis, University of Pennsylvania. [link]

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1974. Phrygian Painted Animals: Anatolian Orientalizing Art. Anatolian Studies 24: 169-196. [link]

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1975. The Early Iron Age Phrygian Pottery of Gordion. Yearbook of the American Philosophical Society 1974, 698-700.

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1977. Beer in the City of Midas. Archaeology 30: 108-115.

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1978. Schools of Painting in Early Iron Age Anatolia. InProceedings of the Xth International Congress of Classical Archaeology, pp. 227-236. Ankara.

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1979a. Imports at Gordion: Lydian and Persian Periods. Expedition 21(4): 6-17. [link]

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1979b. Patterns of Trade in First Millennium Gordion. Archaeological News 8: 45-53.

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1980. Sculptured Orthostates in Early Phrygia. American Journal of Archaeology 84: 230.

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1982. Review of DeVries, From Athens to Gordion (1980) in American Journal of Archaeology 86: 597.

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1988. The Early Phrygian Period at Gordion: Toward a Cultural Identity. In Phrygian Art and Archaeology, ed. Oscar White Muscarella, special issue of Source: Notes in the History of Art VII, nos. 3/4: 9-15. New York.

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1989. Sculpted Orthostates at Gordion. In Anatolia and the Ancient Near East: Studies in Honor of Tahsin Özgüç, eds. K. Emre et al., pp. 447-454. Ankara.

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1989-1990. Eski ve Yeni Gordion Kazıları / Excavations at Gordion, Old and New. Müze / Museum 2-3 (1989-1990) 80-86.

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1992. Work at Gordion in 1990. XIII(1). Kazı Sonuçları Toplantısı, 471-480. Ankara.

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1993a. Gordion and the Near East in the Early Phrygian Period. In Aspects of Art and Iconography: Anatolia and its Neighbors. Studies in Honor of Nimet özgüç, eds. M.J. Mellink et al., pp. 549-555. Ankara.

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1993b. Gordium Incognitum. American Journal of Archaeology 97: 303.

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1993c. Gordion Archaeological Activities, 1991. XIV(1). Kazı Sonuçları Toplantısı, 503-507. Ankara.

Sams, G. Kenneth. 1994a. Aspects of Early Phrygian Architecture at Gordion. In Anatolian Iron Ages 3: The Proceedings of the Third Anatolian Iron Ages Colloquium held at Van, 6-12 August 1990, eds. A. Çilingiroğlu and D.H. French, pp. 211-220. Ankara.

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Young, Rodney S. 1976. Gordion. in Richard Stillwell (ed.), Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, 360. Princeton.

Young, Rodney S. 1978. The Phrygian Contribution. in Proceedings Xth International Congress of Classical Archaeology, 9-24. Ankara.

Young, Rodney S. 1981. Gordion Excavations Reports, Vol. I: Three Great Early Tumuli [P, MM, W] (Philadelphia, University Museum, 1981). [Reviews: Muscarella (1982), Moiseyeva (1983), Ramage (1983), Le Roy (1985)] [buy the book!]

Young, Rodney S. and G. Roger Edwards. 1951. Gordion. Anatolian Studies 1: 11-14.

Young, Rodney S. and G. Roger Edwards. 1952. Gordion. Anatolian Studies 2: 20-22.


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Zeder, Melinda A. and Susan R. Arter. 1994. Changing patterns of animal utilization at ancient Gordion. Paléorient 20(2): 105-118. [link]

Zouck, Nina P. 1947. Hand-carved and Lathe-turned Alabaster from Gordion. Ph.D. thesis, University of Pennsylvania. [link]


Index of publications

(Books and monographs in boldface) [back to top]

Topic References
Agriculture, agropastoralism, land use Gürsan-Salzmann 2005; Marsh 2005; Marsh and Kealhofer 2014; Marston 2009, 2010; Marston & Miller 2014; METU 1965; Miller 1993, 1999a, 2010, 2011; Miller et al. 2009
Annual Reports, official DeVries 1973, 1979, 1981a, 1981b, 1983, 1984, 1985, 1986, 1987a, 1988b, 1989, 1990; Edwards 1959, 1963; Sams 1989-90, 1992, 1993c, 1995a, 2002, 2005, 2009 to 2011; Sams and Burke 2008; Sams and Goldman 2006, 2007; Sams and Voigt 1990, 1991, 1995-1999 annually, 2003, 2004; Voigt 1994; Voigt et al. 1997; Young 1950-1968, almost annually; Young and Edwards 1951, 1952
Annual Reports, others Cook and Blackman 1971; Gates 1994, 1995, 1996, 1997; Mellink 1955-1978, 1983-1993, almost annually
Archaeobotany (including plants, vegetation) Aytuğ 1986, 1988; Aytuğ and Görcelioğlu 1989; Aytuğ and Pehlivan 1989; Kayacık and Aytuğ 1968; Keller 2009; Marston 2009, 2010, 2012; Marston & Miller 2014; Miller 1993, 1999a, 2009, 2010, 2011a; Miller et al. 2009
Architecture Åkestrom 1966; Burke 2012; Filley & al. 2001; Glendinning 1995, 1996a,b, 2002, 2005, 2007; Henrickson and Blackman 1999; Keller 2009; Lavall 2012; Liebhart 1988, 1994, 2010, 2012; Sams 1994a; Voigt 2012a; Young 1960d, 1962c
Art (mosaic, drawing, fresco); see also sculpture Kohler 1964; Mellink 1980; Muscarella 1988; Roller 2009, 2012; Romano 1995; Salzman 1982; Sams 1974, 1978; Young 1965a, 1967a, 1969a
Bronze Age (YHSS 10, 8/9) Gunter 1991, 2006; Henrickson 1993a, 1995b; Henrickson and Blackman 1996; Romano 1995; Vassileva 2012; Voigt 1993a,b
Ceramic studies (style, production) Blackman and Henrickson 1994; DeVries 1993, 1997, 2005; Glendinning 2007; Grave et al. 2005, 2009; Greenewalt 1966; Gunter 2006; Gürtekin-Demir 2007; Henrickson 1993a,b, 1994, 1995a,b, 2005, 2007; Henrickson and Blackman 1996; Henrickson et al. 2002; Johnston 1970; Knudsen 1961; Sams 1969, 1971, 1975, 1977, 1979a,b, 1994c, 2012; Lavall 2012; Sams 2011; Schaus 1992; Stewart 2010; Williams 1987; Winter 1973, 1984
Chronology, dating and dendrochronology Bossert 1993; DeVries 2005, 2007, 2011a,b; DeVries et al. 2003; Henrickson and Voigt 1998; Kohler and Ralph 1961; Kuniholm 1977, 1988, 1991, 1992, 1993a, 1993b, 1996, 1997; Kuniholm and Newton 2011; Manning and Kromer 2011; Muscarella 2003, 2008; Ralph, 1959; Rose and Darbyshire 2011; Sams 2011, 2012; Sams and Voigt 2004b, 2011; Voigt and DeVries 2011
Conservation and management, site Bedel 2006; Del Bono 2011; Erder & Gürsan-Salzmann 2011; Erder & al. 2013; Falck & Prime 2011; Goodman 2002; Gürsan-Salzmann 2010; Keller 2009, 2011; Keller and Matero 2011; Liebhart and Johnson 2005; Lim 2011; Matero 2011, 2012; Matero and Rose 2011; Matero & al. 2011; Miller 1994, 1998, 1999b, 2000, 2011a, b; 2012; Miller and Bluemel 1999; Miller et al. 2006; Rogers 1989; Thompson 2011; Wong 2006, 2011
Conservation, object Blanchette, 1994; Blanchette et al. 1991; Blanchette and Simpson 1992; Payton 1984; Schniewind 1994; Simpson 1983, 1994b, 1994c, 1995, 1996a, 1997, 1999a,b, 2000, 2001, 2003; Simpson and Spirydowicz 1999, 2005; Simpson et al. 1992; Spirydowicz 1994; Unruh and Johnson 2005
Dig culture and people Brownlee 2009; Darbyshire 2007, 2009; Darbyshire and Pizzorno 2009a,b; DeVries 2011a; Edwards 1980; Gonzalez 1989; Miller 2002; Young 1968c
Food and residues; see also archaeobotany, zooarchaeology Fleischman 2000; Gorman 2000; McGovern 2000; McGovern et al. 1999; Sams 1977; Simpson 2001; Young 1956d
Furniture and wooden objects Aytuğ 1986, 1988; Aytuğ and Görcelioğlu 1989; Aytuğ and Pehlivan 1989; Blanchette, 1994; Blanchette et al. 1991; Blanchette and Simpson 1992; Dorge 1992; Kayacık and Aytuğ 1968; DeVries and Rose 2012; Payton 1984; Schniewind 1994; Simpson 1983, 1985, 1990, 1994a,b,c, 1995, 1996a,b, 1997, 1998, 1999a, b, c, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2008, 2010a, b, 2012a,b, 2014; Simson and Payton 1986; Simpson and Spirydowicz 1999, 2005; Simpson et al. 1992; Spirydowicz 1994; Young 1974
Glass Jones 1993, 1995, 2005, 2009; Saldern 1959a,b
Gordion books and monographs DeVries 1980a; Dusinberre 2005; Gunter 1991; Kealhofer 2005a; Keller and Matero 2011; Kohler 1995; Körte and Körte 1904; Miller 2010; Muscarella 1967; Roller 2009; Romano 1995; Rose 2012; Rose and Darbyshire 2011; Sams 1994c; Simpson 2010; Simpson and Spirydowicz 1999; Young 1981
Gordion overview articles, chapters, catalogs, guidebooks DeVries 2000; Expedition 2000, 2009; Friedrich 1941; Giuliano 1960; Matero & al. 2011; Sams 1994b; Voigt 1994, 1997; Young 1967b, 1958b, 1964c, 1967b, 1968b, 1995, 1996, 2007
Hellenistic period (YHSS 3) Cox 1966; Henrickson 1993b; Henrickson and Blackman 1999; Holloway 1957; Jones 1995, 2009; Lavall 2012; Roller 1986, 1987a,b; Romano 1995; Selinsky 2012; Stewart 2010; Vergano 2012; Voigt 1999, 2003, 2012b, 2013; Winter 1973, 1984, 1988; Young 1955e
History, culture (see also art, inscriptions, specific periods etc.) Burke 2001; DeVries 2011b; DeVries & Rose 2012; Greenewalt 2012; Kohler 1964; Körte 1897; McGovern & al. 1999; Mellink 1965a; 1983b, 1988, 1991a; Pfister 1926; Roller 1984, 1989, 1991; Sams 1988; Voigt 2000; 2003, 2012b, 2013;Young 1953b,c, 1955a, 1963b, 1964d, 1965b
Inscriptions and language Brixhe 1981, 1995; Brixhe and Lejeune 1984; Goldman 1997; Lejeune 1970; Liebhart and Brixhe 2009; Orel 1997; Roller 1987a,b, 1989; Roller and Goldman 2002; Young 1969b
Iron Age (YHSS 7) DeVries 1980b, 1987b, 1988a, 2011a,b; Henrickson 1993a, 1994; Henrickson and Voigt 1998; Jones 2009; Kuniholm et al. 2011; Manning and Kromer 2011; Muscarella 1995; Romano 1995; Rose and Darbyshire 2011; Sams 2011; Sams and Voigt 2011; Vassileva 2007; Voigt 2000; Voigt and DeVries 2011; Voigt and Henrickson 2000a, 2000b
Metal objects and archaeometallurgy Knudsen 1961; McClellan 1975; Muscarella 1958, 1964, 1965, 1967, 2007; Sams 2011; Steinberg 1977; Temizsoy 1993, 1994; Vassileva 2007, 2012; Young 1958a
Modern culture Dandoy 1996; Erder & al. 2013; Gürsan-Salzmann 2001, 2005, 2010; METU 1965
Numismatics Bellinger 1968; Cox 1966
Phrygian period s.l. (YHSS 4, 5, 6; see also inscriptions) Burke 2012; DeVries 2008, 2011a,b; Diakonoff and Neroznak 1985; Henrickson 1993b, 2005; Henrickson and Blackman 1996; Il 2009; Knudsen 1961; Kohler 1958, 1964, 1980, 1995; Kuniholm et al. 2011; Liebhart 2012; Manning and Kromer 2011; Mellink 1965a; Mellink 1988; Muscarella 1995, 2003, 2008; Roller 1984, 2012; Romano 1995; Rose and Darbyshire 2011; Sams 1979a; Sams 1988, 1993a, 1994a, 1995b, 1997, 2001, 2007a, b, 2011; Sams and Voigt 2011; Simpson 1988, 1990; Steinberg 1977; Toteva 2007; Voigt 2007, 2009, 2011, 2012a; Voigt and DeVries 2011; Voigt and Henrickson 2000b; Voigt and Young 1999; Young 1963b, 1965b, 1967a; 1978
Physical anthropology (see also tombs) Bostancı 1962; Çiner 1971; Dandoy et al. 2002; Prag 1989, 1990; Scurr 1989; Selinsky 2005, 2012; Vergano 2012
Regional Dickey 1993; Kealhofer 2005b; Marsh 1999, 2005, 2012; Marsh and Kealhofer 2014; Pizzorno and Darbyshire 2012; Starr 1963a,b; Young 1963a
Roman period (YHSS 2) Bennett and Goldman 2009; Darbyshire et al. 2009; Goldman 1997, 2000, 2001, 2007b; Marston & Miller 2014; Roller and Goldman 2002
Sculpture and ivories Güterbock 1974; Holloway 1957; Kohler 1958, 1962; Mellink 1983b; Prayon 1987; Roller 1986, 2005; Sams 1980; 2011; Romano 1995; Sheftel 1974; Simpson 1993
Seals and sealings Dusinberre 2005, 2008; Güterbock 1980; Porada 1956
Textiles Ballard 2012; Ballard & al. 2012; Barber 1991; Bellinger 1962; Brown 1980; Burke 2005, 2010, Ellis 1981; Miller et al. 2006
Theses Anderson 1980; Brown 1980; Goldman 2009; Greenewalt 1966; Holloway 1957; Johnston 1970; Keller 2009; Knudsen 1961; Kohler 1958; Kuniholm 1977; Liebhart 1988; McClellan 1975; Marston 2010; Muscarella 1958, 1965; Rogers 1989; Sams 1971; Sheftel 1974; Simpson 1985; Stewart 2010; Thompson 2011; Toteva 2007; Winter 1984; Wong 2006
Tombs, cemeteries, burials (see also physical anthropology Anderson 2012; Arslan 1989; Goldman 2007a; Il 2009; Kohler 1980; Liebhart 1988, 1994, 2010, 2012; Liebhart and Brixhe 2009; Smullen 1989; Temizsoy 1992, 1993, 1994; Voigt 2003, 2012b, 2013; Whitmore 1957; Young 1956c, 1957d, 1958e,f; 1981
Videos Miller 2009, 2011b; Stephens 2014
YHSS (Yassıhöyük Stratigraphic Sequence) Voigt 1994, 2005
Zooarchaeology (including animals, bone, ivory); see also sculpture and ivories Carter 1955; Dandoy 1996; Dandoy et al. 2002; Ebbinghaus 2008; Gürsan-Salzmann 2005; Kohler 1958, 1962, 1964; Miller et al. 2009; Payne 1995; Sams 1974; Sheftel 1974; Zeder and Arter 1994

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Recently Added Items:
September 15, 2014

Del Bono, Elisa. 2011. Finding Visibility. The Stabilization and Display of Terrace Building Two. In Gordion Awakened, eds. M. Keller and F.G. Matero, pp. 106-137. Architectural Conservation Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Erder, E. and Gürsan-Salzmann. 2011. Defining Context. A Conservation Management Plan for Gordion and Its Environs. In Gordion Awakened, eds. M. Keller and F.G. Matero, pp. 2-24. Architectural Conservation Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Falck, Lindsay and Betty Prime. 2011. Creating Experience. Planning and Designing the Visitor Circuit. In Gordion Awakened, eds. M. Keller and F.G. Matero, pp. 48-65. Architectural Conservation Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Keller, Meredith A. 2009. The Early Phrygian Gate at Gordion, Turkey: An Investigation of Dry Stone Masonry in Seismic Regions and Recommendations for Stabilization. (Masters Thesis). University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Keller, Meredith. 2011. Measuring Stability. Construction, Condition, and the Future of Gordion's Early Phrygian Gate. In Gordion Awakened, eds. M. Keller and F.G. Matero, pp. 66-106. Architectural Conservation Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Keller, Meredith and Frank G. Matero, eds. 2011. Gordion Awakened. Conserving a Phrygian Landscape. The Architectural Conservation Laboratory Monograph Series 1, Gordion Site Conservation Project. Architectural Conservation Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Lim, Alex B. 2011. Greening Surface. Vegetative Capping of Masonry Walls. In Gordion Awakened, eds. M. Keller and F.G. Matero, pp. 180-215. Architectural Conservation Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Matero, Frank G. 2011. Resurrecting Place. Conservation as Interpretation and Display of a Phrygian Capital. In Gordion Awakened, eds. M. Keller and F.G. Matero, pp.26-47. Architectural Conservation Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Matero, Frank G., C. Brian Rose, and G. Kenneth Sams. 2011. Beginnings. In Gordion Awakened, eds. M. Keller and F.G. Matero, pp. x-?. Architectural Conservation Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Thompson, Elizabeth T. 2011. Documentation and Evaluation of the Conditions of the 9th Century B.C.E. Mosaic, from Gordion, Turkey and Recommendations for its Conservation and Treatment. (Masters Thesis). University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Wong, Kelly H. 2006. Assessment of the Grout Used for the Structural Stabilization of the Early Phrygian Citadel Gate at Gordion, Turkey. (Masters Thesis). University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Wong, Kelly. 2011. Reintegrating Structure. Performance Evaluation of Injection Grouts. In Gordion Awakened, eds. M. Keller and F.G. Matero, pp. 138-179. Architectural Conservation Laboratory University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

August 5, 2014

Ballard, M., B. Burke, and E. Simpson. 2012. Gordion Textiles. In Phrygians: In the Land of Midas, In the Shadow of Monuments (Frigler: Midas'ın Ülkesinde, Anıtların Gölgesinde) , eds. T. Sivas and H. Sivas, pp. 360-375. Yapı Kredi Yayınları, Istanbul.

Erder, Evin, Ayse Gürsan-Salzmann, and Miller, Naomi F. 2013. A Conservation Management Plan for Gordion and Its Environs. Conservation and Management of Archaeological Sites 15 (3-4): 329-347.

Filley, T., R. Blanchette, E. Simpson, and M. Fogel. 2001. Nitrogen Cycling by Wood Decomposing Soft-rot Fungi in the 'King Midas Tomb,' Gordion, Turkey. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 98 (23): 13346-50.

Marston, John M. and Naomi F. Miller. 2014. Intensive Agriculture and Land Use at Roman Gordion, Central Turkey. Vegetation History and Archaeobotany.

Simpson, E. 1995. Gordion Furniture Conservation, 1994 Season: Preliminary Report. Annual of the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, 1994, 214-27. Ankara.

Simpson, E. 1998. Symbols on the Gordion Screens. In Proceedings of the XXXIVème Rencontre Assyriologique Internationale, Istanbul, l987, 629-639. Türk Tarih Kurumu, Ankara.

Simpson, E. 1999a. Gordion Furniture Conservation, 1997 Season: Preliminary Report. Annual of the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, 1998, 295-300. Ankara.

Simpson, E. 1999b. Gordion Furniture Conservation, 1998 Season: Preliminary Report. Annual of the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, 1998, 301-308. Ankara.

Simpson, E. 1999c. Early Evidence for the Use of the Lathe in Antiquity. In Meletemata: Studies in Aegean Archaeology Presented to Malcolm H. Wiener, eds. P. Betancourt, et al., pp. 781-785. Université de Liège and University of Texas, Liège and Austin.

Simpson, E. 2000. Gordion Furniture Conservation, 1999 Season: Preliminary Report. Annual of the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, 1999, 164-76. Ankara.

Simpson, E. 2001. Gordion Furniture Conservation, 2000 Season: Preliminary Report. Annual of the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, 2000, 215-228. Museum of Anatolian Civilizations, Ankara.

Simpson, E. 2003. The Conservation of the Wooden Objects from Gordion, Turkey: Methods for the Treatment of Dry Archaeological Wood. In Art, Biology and Conservation: Biodeterioration of Works of Art, ed. R. Koestler et. al., pp. 358-369. Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York.

Simpson, E. 2008. Banquet Tables at Gordion. In Aykut Çınaroğlu'na Armağan: Studies in Honour of Aykut Çınaroğlu, eds. by E. Genç and D. Çelik, pp. 135-155. Ekici Form Ofset, Ankara.

Simpson, E. 2010. The Gordion Wooden Objects, Volume 1: The Furniture from Tumulus MM. Brill, Leiden.

Simpson, E. 2012. Gordion Furniture and Wooden Artifacts. In Phrygians: In the Land of Midas, In the Shadow of Monuments (Frigler: Midas'ın Ülkesinde, Anıtların Gölgesinde), eds. T. Sivas and H. Sivas, pp. 334-357. Yapı Kredi Yayınları, Istanbul.

Simpson, E. 2014. A Parasol from Tumulus P at Gordion. In Studies in Honor of Engin Özgen (Armizzi: Engin Özgen'e Armağan), eds. A. Engin, B. Helwing, and B. Uysal, pp. 237-246. Asitan Kitap, Ankara.

Simpson, E. and K. Spirydowicz. 2005. Reconstruction and Interpretation of the Wooden Furniture and Small Objects from Tumulus P, Tumulus W, and the City Mound at Gordion, Turkey. Center 25. Center for Advanced Study in the Visual Arts, National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C.

Spirydowicz, K., E. Simpson, R. Blanchette, A. Schniewind, M. Toutloff, and A. Murray. 2001. Alvar and Butvar: The Use of Polyvinyl Acetal Resin for the Treatment of the Wooden Artifacts from Gordion, Turkey. Journal of the American Institute of Conservation 40: 43-57. July 25, 2014

Miller, Naomi F. 2009. Past, Present and Future of the Landscape in the Land of King Midas: Gordion, Turkey. Oriental Institute, University of Chicago. [video]

Miller, Naomi F. 2011. Gordion: Open-Air Archaeological Site as Garden, Historical Landscape as Park. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia. [video]

Stephens, Lucas. 2014. Aerial Gordion. University of Pennsylvania Museum, Philadelphia. [video]

April 12, 2014

Marsh, Ben and Lisa Kealhofer 2014. Scales of impact: Settlement history and landscape change in the Gordion region, central Anatolia. The Holocene 2014: 1-13. doi: 10.1177/0959683614526937 [link]

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Gordion Archaeological Project

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