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Gregory J. Callaghan

Greg joined the Ancient History program at Penn in 2014, after completing his BA in Latin at the College of William & Mary, with other studies including time at Hertford College, Oxford, two excavation seasons at the Athenian Agora, and the Eric P. Newman Graduate Seminar in Numismatics at the American Numismatic Society. Greg has had the opportunity to study with a wide-range of scholars with considerably varied interests, and this is reflected in his own diverse approach to the study of the ancient world. 

Currently, his research trends towards questions of international interactions and state identity in the Eastern Mediterranean in the midst of Roman expansion, with particular attention paid to Pergamon at the moment. His dissertation, tentatively titled “Attalid Networks: Seeking Status and Acquiring Authority Beyond State Capacity,” uses literary, inscriptional, art historical, and archaeological sources to reconstruct networks the Attalids generated with Greek cities through benefactions. Greg argues that the Attalids, lacking the means to assert themselves militarily on the international stage, used these social/cultural/economic networks to raise themselves on an international status hierarchy. Greg's interdisciplinary approach to this topic is generously supported, in particular, by the Penn Museum's Kolb Society of Fellows, to which he was inducted as a Junior Fellow in 2017. 

Other research interests include the development of Attic political and social identity groups, Roman Republican political institutions of the 3rd and 2nd centuries BCE (especially the office of the censor), and questions of imperialism and provincial behavior under the Roman Republic.