South Jersey Project

Principal Investigator

Robert L. Schuyler


Penn Museum (Historical Archaeology Section)
Department of Anthropology
Penn School of Arts and Sciences (SAS)
Vineland Historical and Antiquarian Society, Vineland, New Jersey


Robert L. Schuyler
Penn Museum
3260 South Street
Philadelphia, PA 19104
Telephone: (215) 898-6965

Project website: Historical Archaeology - South Jersey Project

Project Description

Since 2001 the primary project of the Historical Archaeology Section (Courses: Anthropology 219, 220, and Summer 247) has been the study of a Victorian Period (1861-1900) and 20th century planned, agricultural community on the edge of the Pine Barrens in Southern New Jersey. Vineland was created in 1861 as an agricultural region with an urban core by one man, Charles K. Landis (1833-1900) but is now the largest areal city in the state. Excavations in historic back yards within the town, archival research, oral history and a study of the present settlement are being combined into an historic ethnography which is studying the origins of the community, its successful establishment in the 19th century and the radical changes it underwent across the 20th century. Two sites have now been completed: Site 1, an original home lot (1870s to 1990s) which for a half century (1892 - 1941) was occupied by one middle class household, the Morris family,  and Site 2, a multi-component home lot (a small house 1860s to 1880 and a large Victorian rental property 1880 ñ 1980). Laboratory analysis of the recovered archaeological assemblages from both sites and documentary research are continuing while the field work will now (2012 on) focus on the ìabove ground archaeologyî of Vineland and other historic sites in South Jersey.