Nature Neuroscience

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Nature Neuroscience offers a unique mix of opinion and reviews alongside top-quality research papers. Published monthly, in print and online, the journal reflects the entire spectrum of neuroscience, from molecular to cognitive.
Updated: 13 hours 46 min ago

A neuronal PI(3,4,5)P3-dependent program of oligodendrocyte precursor recruitment and myelination

Sun, 10/23/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4425

Authors: Sandra Goebbels, Georg L Wieser, Alexander Pieper, Sonia Spitzer, Bettina Weege, Kuo Yan, Julia M Edgar, Oleksandr Yagensky, Sven P Wichert, Amit Agarwal, Khalad Karram, Nicolas Renier, Marc Tessier-Lavigne, Moritz J Rossner, Ragnhildur Thóra Káradóttir & Klaus-Armin Nave

The molecular trigger of CNS myelination is unknown. By targeting Pten in cerebellar granule cells and activating the AKT1–mTOR pathway, we increased the caliber of normally unmyelinated axons and the expression of numerous genes encoding regulatory proteins. This led to the expansion of genetically wild-type oligodendrocyte progenitor cells, oligodendrocyte differentiation and de novo myelination of parallel fibers. Thus, a neuronal program dependent on the phosphoinositide PI(3,4,5)P3 is sufficient to trigger all steps of myelination.

Gravity orientation tuning in macaque anterior thalamus

Sun, 10/23/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4423

Authors: Jean Laurens, Byounghoon Kim, J David Dickman & Dora E Angelaki

Gravity may provide a ubiquitous allocentric reference to the brain's spatial orientation circuits. Here we describe neurons in the macaque anterior thalamus tuned to pitch and roll orientation relative to gravity, independently of visual landmarks. We show that individual cells exhibit two-dimensional tuning curves, with peak firing rates at a preferred vertical orientation. These results identify a thalamic pathway for gravity cues to influence perception, action and spatial cognition.

The brain adapts to dishonesty

Sun, 10/23/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4426

Authors: Neil Garrett, Stephanie C Lazzaro, Dan Ariely & Tali Sharot

Astrocytes mediate neurovascular signaling to capillary pericytes but not to arterioles

Sun, 10/23/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4428

Authors: Anusha Mishra, James P Reynolds, Yang Chen, Alexander V Gourine, Dmitri A Rusakov & David Attwell

Functional and structural underpinnings of neuronal assembly formation in learning

Sun, 10/16/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4418

Authors: Anthony Holtmaat & Pico Caroni

Synaptic scaling rule preserves excitatory–inhibitory balance and salient neuronal network dynamics

Sun, 10/16/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4415

Authors: Jérémie Barral & Alex D Reyes

Antagonistic negative and positive neurons of the basolateral amygdala

Sun, 10/16/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4414

Authors: Joshua Kim, Michele Pignatelli, Sangyu Xu, Shigeyoshi Itohara & Susumu Tonegawa

TRPA1 mediates sensation of the rate of temperature change in Drosophila larvae

Sun, 10/16/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4416

Authors: Junjie Luo, Wei L Shen & Craig Montell

Layer 4 fast-spiking interneurons filter thalamocortical signals during active somatosensation

Sun, 10/16/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4412

Authors: Jianing Yu, Diego A Gutnisky, S Andrew Hires & Karel Svoboda

Organization of long-range inputs and outputs of frontal cortex for top-down control

Sun, 10/16/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4417

Authors: Siyu Zhang, Min Xu, Wei-Cheng Chang, Chenyan Ma, Johnny Phong Hoang Do, Daniel Jeong, Tiffany Lei, Jiang Lan Fan & Yang Dan

Activity flow over resting-state networks shapes cognitive task activations

Sun, 10/09/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4406

Authors: Michael W Cole, Takuya Ito, Danielle S Bassett & Douglas H Schultz

Unstable neurons underlie a stable learned behavior

Sun, 10/09/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4405

Authors: William A Liberti, Jeffrey E Markowitz, L Nathan Perkins, Derek C Liberti, Daniel P Leman, Grigori Guitchounts, Tarciso Velho, Darrell N Kotton, Carlos Lois & Timothy J Gardner

C9ORF72 interaction with cofilin modulates actin dynamics in motor neurons

Sun, 10/09/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4407

Authors: Rajeeve Sivadasan, Daniel Hornburg, Carsten Drepper, Nicolas Frank, Sibylle Jablonka, Anna Hansel, Xenia Lojewski, Jared Sterneckert, Andreas Hermann, Pamela J Shaw, Paul G Ince, Matthias Mann, Felix Meissner & Michael Sendtner

Ultra-rare disruptive and damaging mutations influence educational attainment in the general population

Sun, 10/02/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4404

Authors: Andrea Ganna, Giulio Genovese, Daniel P Howrigan, Andrea Byrnes, Mitja I Kurki, Seyedeh M Zekavat, Christopher W Whelan, Mart Kals, Michel G Nivard, Alex Bloemendal, Jonathan M Bloom, Jacqueline I Goldstein, Timothy Poterba, Cotton Seed, Robert E Handsaker, Pradeep Natarajan, Reedik Mägi, Diane Gage, Elise B Robinson, Andres Metspalu, Veikko Salomaa, Jaana Suvisaari, Shaun M Purcell, Pamela Sklar, Sekar Kathiresan, Mark J Daly, Steven A McCarroll, Patrick F Sullivan, Aarno Palotie, Tõnu Esko, Christina M Hultman & Benjamin M Neale

Disruptive, damaging ultra-rare variants in highly constrained genes are enriched in individuals with neurodevelopmental disorders. In the general population, this class of variants was associated with a decrease in years of education (YOE). This effect was stronger among highly brain-expressed genes and explained more YOE variance than pathogenic copy number variation but less than common variants. Disruptive, damaging ultra-rare variants in highly constrained genes influence the determinants of YOE in the general population.

Novel genetic loci underlying human intracranial volume identified through genome-wide association

Sun, 10/02/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4398

Authors: Hieab H H Adams, Derrek P Hibar, Vincent Chouraki, Jason L Stein, Paul A Nyquist, Miguel E Rentería, Stella Trompet, Alejandro Arias-Vasquez, Sudha Seshadri, Sylvane Desrivières, Ashley H Beecham, Neda Jahanshad, Katharina Wittfeld, Sven J Van der Lee, Lucija Abramovic, Saud Alhusaini, Najaf Amin, Micael Andersson, Konstantinos Arfanakis, Benjamin S Aribisala, Nicola J Armstrong, Lavinia Athanasiu, Tomas Axelsson, Alexa Beiser, Manon Bernard, Joshua C Bis, Laura M E Blanken, Susan H Blanton, Marc M Bohlken, Marco P Boks, Janita Bralten, Adam M Brickman, Owen Carmichael, M Mallar Chakravarty, Ganesh Chauhan, Qiang Chen, Christopher R K Ching, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Anouk Den Braber, Nhat Trung Doan, Stefan Ehrlich, Irina Filippi, Tian Ge, Sudheer Giddaluru, Aaron L Goldman, Rebecca F Gottesman, Corina U Greven, Oliver Grimm, Michael E Griswold, Tulio Guadalupe, Johanna Hass, Unn K Haukvik, Saima Hilal, Edith Hofer, David Hoehn, Avram J Holmes, Martine Hoogman, Deborah Janowitz, Tianye Jia, Dalia Kasperaviciute, Sungeun Kim, Marieke Klein, Bernd Kraemer, Phil H Lee, Jiemin Liao, David C M Liewald, Lorna M Lopez, Michelle Luciano, Christine Macare, Andre Marquand, Mar Matarin, Karen A Mather, Manuel Mattheisen, Bernard Mazoyer, David R McKay, Rebekah McWhirter, Yuri Milaneschi, Nazanin Mirza-Schreiber, Ryan L Muetzel, Susana Muñoz Maniega, Kwangsik Nho, Allison C Nugent, Loes M Olde Loohuis, Jaap Oosterlaan, Martina Papmeyer, Irene Pappa, Lukas Pirpamer, Sara Pudas, Benno Pütz, Kumar B Rajan, Adaikalavan Ramasamy, Jennifer S Richards, Shannon L Risacher, Roberto Roiz-Santiañez, Nanda Rommelse, Emma J Rose, Natalie A Royle, Tatjana Rundek, Philipp G Sämann, Claudia L Satizabal, Lianne Schmaal, Andrew J Schork, Li Shen, Jean Shin, Elena Shumskaya, Albert V Smith, Emma Sprooten, Lachlan T Strike, Alexander Teumer, Russell Thomson, Diana Tordesillas-Gutierrez, Roberto Toro, Daniah Trabzuni, Dhananjay Vaidya, Jeroen Van der Grond, Dennis Van der Meer, Marjolein M J Van Donkelaar, Kristel R Van Eijk, Theo G M Van Erp, Daan Van Rooij, Esther Walton, Lars T Westlye, Christopher D Whelan, Beverly G Windham, Anderson M Winkler, Girma Woldehawariat, Christiane Wolf, Thomas Wolfers, Bing Xu, Lisa R Yanek, Jingyun Yang, Alex Zijdenbos, Marcel P Zwiers, Ingrid Agartz, Neelum T Aggarwal, Laura Almasy, David Ames, Philippe Amouyel, Ole A Andreassen, Sampath Arepalli, Amelia A Assareh, Sandra Barral, Mark E Bastin, Diane M Becker, James T Becker, David A Bennett, John Blangero, Hans van Bokhoven, Dorret I Boomsma, Henry Brodaty, Rachel M Brouwer, Han G Brunner, Randy L Buckner, Jan K Buitelaar, Kazima B Bulayeva, Wiepke Cahn, Vince D Calhoun, Dara M Cannon, Gianpiero L Cavalleri, Christopher Chen, Ching-Yu Cheng, Sven Cichon, Mark R Cookson, Aiden Corvin, Benedicto Crespo-Facorro, Joanne E Curran, Michael Czisch, Anders M Dale, Gareth E Davies, Eco J C De Geus, Philip L De Jager, Greig I de Zubicaray, Norman Delanty, Chantal Depondt, Anita L DeStefano, Allissa Dillman, Srdjan Djurovic, Gary Donohoe, Wayne C Drevets, Ravi Duggirala, Thomas D Dyer, Susanne Erk, Thomas Espeseth, Denis A Evans, Iryna O Fedko, Guillén Fernández, Luigi Ferrucci, Simon E Fisher, Debra A Fleischman, Ian Ford, Tatiana M Foroud, Peter T Fox, Clyde Francks, Masaki Fukunaga, J Raphael Gibbs, David C Glahn, Randy L Gollub, Harald H H Göring, Hans J Grabe, Robert C Green, Oliver Gruber, Vilmundur Gudnason, Sebastian Guelfi, Narelle K Hansell, John Hardy, Catharina A Hartman, Ryota Hashimoto, Katrin Hegenscheid, Andreas Heinz, Stephanie Le Hellard, Dena G Hernandez, Dirk J Heslenfeld, Beng-Choon Ho, Pieter J Hoekstra, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Albert Hofman, Florian Holsboer, Georg Homuth, Norbert Hosten, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Hilleke E Hulshoff Pol, Masashi Ikeda, M Kamran Ikram, Clifford R Jack Jr, Mark Jenkinson, Robert Johnson, Erik G Jönsson, J Wouter Jukema, René S Kahn, Ryota Kanai, Iwona Kloszewska, David S Knopman, Peter Kochunov, John B Kwok, Stephen M Lawrie, Hervé Lemaître, Xinmin Liu, Dan L Longo, W T Longstreth Jr, Oscar L Lopez, Simon Lovestone, Oliver Martinez, Jean-Luc Martinot, Venkata S Mattay, Colm McDonald, Andrew M McIntosh, Katie L McMahon, Francis J McMahon, Patrizia Mecocci, Ingrid Melle, Andreas Meyer-Lindenberg, Sebastian Mohnke, Grant W Montgomery, Derek W Morris, Thomas H Mosley, Thomas W Mühleisen, Bertram Müller-Myhsok, Michael A Nalls, Matthias Nauck, Thomas E Nichols, Wiro J Niessen, Markus M Nöthen, Lars Nyberg, Kazutaka Ohi, Rene L Olvera, Roel A Ophoff, Massimo Pandolfo, Tomas Paus, Zdenka Pausova, Brenda W J H Penninx, G Bruce Pike, Steven G Potkin, Bruce M Psaty, Simone Reppermund, Marcella Rietschel, Joshua L Roffman, Nina Romanczuk-Seiferth, Jerome I Rotter, Mina Ryten, Ralph L Sacco, Perminder S Sachdev, Andrew J Saykin, Reinhold Schmidt, Peter R Schofield, Sigurdur Sigurdsson, Andy Simmons, Andrew Singleton, Sanjay M Sisodiya, Colin Smith, Jordan W Smoller, Hilkka Soininen, Velandai Srikanth, Vidar M Steen, David J Stott, Jessika E Sussmann, Anbupalam Thalamuthu, Henning Tiemeier, Arthur W Toga, Bryan J Traynor, Juan Troncoso, Jessica A Turner, Christophe Tzourio, Andre G Uitterlinden, Maria C Valdés Hernández, Marcel Van der Brug, Aad Van der Lugt, Nic J A Van der Wee, Cornelia M Van Duijn, Neeltje E M Van Haren, Dennis Van ′t Ent, Marie-Jose Van Tol, Badri N Vardarajan, Dick J Veltman, Meike W Vernooij, Henry Völzke, Henrik Walter, Joanna M Wardlaw, Thomas H Wassink, Michael E Weale, Daniel R Weinberger, Michael W Weiner, Wei Wen, Eric Westman, Tonya White, Tien Y Wong, Clinton B Wright, H Ronald Zielke, Alan B Zonderman, Ian J Deary, Charles DeCarli, Helena Schmidt, Nicholas G Martin, Anton J M De Craen, Margaret J Wright, Lenore J Launer, Gunter Schumann, Myriam Fornage, Barbara Franke, Stéphanie Debette, Sarah E Medland, M Arfan Ikram & Paul M Thompson

Computational principles of synaptic memory consolidation

Sun, 10/02/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4401

Authors: Marcus K Benna & Stefano Fusi

Chd8 mediates cortical neurogenesis via transcriptional regulation of cell cycle and Wnt signaling

Sun, 10/02/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4400

Authors: Omer Durak, Fan Gao, Yea Jin Kaeser-Woo, Richard Rueda, Anthony J Martorell, Alexi Nott, Carol Y Liu, L Ashley Watson & Li-Huei Tsai

Increased burden of ultra-rare protein-altering variants among 4,877 individuals with schizophrenia

Sun, 10/02/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4402

Authors: Giulio Genovese, Menachem Fromer, Eli A Stahl, Douglas M Ruderfer, Kimberly Chambert, Mikael Landén, Jennifer L Moran, Shaun M Purcell, Pamela Sklar, Patrick F Sullivan, Christina M Hultman & Steven A McCarroll

History-dependent variability in population dynamics during evidence accumulation in cortex

Sun, 10/02/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4403

Authors: Ari S Morcos & Christopher D Harvey

Gene expression elucidates functional impact of polygenic risk for schizophrenia

Sun, 09/25/2016 - 11:00pm

Nature Neuroscience. doi:10.1038/nn.4399

Authors: Menachem Fromer, Panos Roussos, Solveig K Sieberts, Jessica S Johnson, David H Kavanagh, Thanneer M Perumal, Douglas M Ruderfer, Edwin C Oh, Aaron Topol, Hardik R Shah, Lambertus L Klei, Robin Kramer, Dalila Pinto, Zeynep H Gümüş, A Ercument Cicek, Kristen K Dang, Andrew Browne, Cong Lu, Lu Xie, Ben Readhead, Eli A Stahl, Jianqiu Xiao, Mahsa Parvizi, Tymor Hamamsy, John F Fullard, Ying-Chih Wang, Milind C Mahajan, Jonathan M J Derry, Joel T Dudley, Scott E Hemby, Benjamin A Logsdon, Konrad Talbot, Towfique Raj, David A Bennett, Philip L De Jager, Jun Zhu, Bin Zhang, Patrick F Sullivan, Andrew Chess, Shaun M Purcell, Leslie A Shinobu, Lara M Mangravite, Hiroyoshi Toyoshiba, Raquel E Gur, Chang-Gyu Hahn, David A Lewis, Vahram Haroutunian, Mette A Peters, Barbara K Lipska, Joseph D Buxbaum, Eric E Schadt, Keisuke Hirai, Kathryn Roeder, Kristen J Brennand, Nicholas Katsanis, Enrico Domenici, Bernie Devlin & Pamela Sklar