Penn Arts & Sciences Logo

Influence of Patchiness on Modern Salt-Marsh Foraminifera Used in Sea-Level Studies (North Carolina, USA)

Kemp, A. C., Buzas, M. A., Horton, B. P., Culver, S. J.
2 011
Journal of Foraminiferal Research
We collected replicate samples at stations placed systematically along a transect at Oregon Inlet (North Carolina, USA) to investigate spatial homogeneity of dead assemblages of salt-marsh foraminifera. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) was used to investigate the differences in mean proportions for six species (Miliammina fusca, Trochammina inflata, Arenoparrella mexicana, Tiphotrocha comprimata, Haplophragmoides wilherti and Jadammina macrescens) selected because of their importance in distinguishing assemblages across salt marshes in the study region. As expected, ANOVA's on all species indicated significant differences among low-, middle-, and high-marsh zones defined by their flora. No significant differences were found between stations in the low- and high-marsh indicating homogeneity in these zones. In contrast, for all six species in the middle-marsh zone, significant outcomes for ANOVA, cluster analysis and post-hoc comparisons suggested that the middle-marsh should be divided into two zones. In addition, two species exhibited a patchy (inhomogeneous) distribution among all stations in the middle marsh. If confirmed by additional studies, our results indicate that sampling of modern salt-marshes to document the distribution of foraminifera for use in sea-level reconstructions should recognize the spatial variability associated with the middle-marsh floral zone.
EES Authors: 
Andrew Kemp (2009)
Research Track Category: 

Department of Earth and Environmental Science / University of Pennsylvania, 251 Hayden Hall, 240 South 33rd Street, Philadelphia, PA 19104-6316