Pyron M.

Migration patterns, densities, and growth of Neritina snails in Rio Espiritu Santo and Rio Mameyes, northeastern Puerto Rico

PYRON, MARK; COVICH, ALAN P. 2003. Migration Patterns, Densities, and Growth of Neritina punctulata Snails in Rio Espiritu Santo and Rio Mameyes, Northeastern Puerto Rico.. Caribbean Journal of Science, Vol. 39, No. 3, 338-347, .

Abstract: 
Snail size-frequency distributions in Rios Espiritu Santo and Mameyes, which drain the Luquillo Experimental Forest, Puerto Rico, showed that Neritina punctulata with shell lengths greater than 30 mm were the most abundant size class at upstream sites. The highest densities for all size classes were at the downstream sites. Growth rates were 0.015 mm/day for a large cohort (¡«25 mm shell length) and 0.035 mm/day for a small (¡«15 mm shell length). Minimum longevity estimates range from 3 to 7 years. Size distribution data suggest that snails migrate upstream. An August mark-recapture study resulted in most snails remaining at the release site, and some moved downstream. The greatest upstream distance reached was 200 m in 12 weeks. In a May mark-recapture study, when snails were observed moving in aggregations, the greatest distance moved was 200 m in 27 days, suggesting seasonality in movements and reproduction. Movement rates of snails in aggregates in May were between 0.08 and 0.17 cm/s. All of the snails marked in May moved upstream, and none were observed downstream from, or at the release site. We suggest that upstream movements can be explained by snails avoiding increased predation in the downstream reaches of these rivers from fishes, crustaceans, and birds

On the relative importance of pool morphology and woody debris to distributions of shrimp in a Puerto Rican headwater stream

Pyron, M., Covich, A.P. and Black, R.W. 1999. On the relative importance of pool morphology and
woody debris to distributions of shrimp in a Puerto Rican headwater stream. Hydrobiologia, 402:
207–215.

Abstract: 
In this paper, we report the sizes and distributional orientation of woody debris in a headwater rainforest stream in the Luquillo Experimental Forest (LEF), Puerto Rico. We also provide results of a 4-month study of a wood addition experiment designed to increase cover for benthic macroinvertebrates (freshwater shrimp). We added branch-sized woody debris to 20 pools in three streams.We trapped four species of freshwater shrimp (two species of benthic detritivores and two predatory shrimp species) during each of the 4 months following wood additions. An analysis of pool morphology (maximum depth, surface area and volume) provided a useful predictor of shrimp abundances. In general, numbers of shrimps increased with sizes of stream pools. A repeated measures ANOVA demonstrated no effect of woody debris additions on total numbers of shrimp per pool area. Two detritivore species (Atya lanipes, a filter feeder and Xiphocaris elongata, a shredder) decreased in abundance with increased woody debris and there was no statistical relationship between woody debris additions and predators (Macrobrachium carcinus and M. crenulatum). Small woody debris additions may have altered flow velocities that were important to filter-feeding Atya at the microhabitat scale, although the overall velocities within pools were not altered by wood additions. Lower numbers of Atya and Xiphocaris in two of the three streams may result from the occurrence of two predaceous fishes (American eel and mountainmullet) and more predatoryMacrobrachium in these streams. One likely interpretation of the results of this study is that the stream pools in these study reaches had sufficient habitat structure provided by numerous rock crevices (among large rocks and boulders) to provide refuge from predators. Addition of woody debris did not add significantly to the existing structure. These results may not apply to stream channels with sand and gravel substrata where crevices and undercut banks are lacking and where woody debris often plays a major role by providing structure and refuge.
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