Forests of porto rico past, present, and future and their physical and economic environment

Murphy, L. S. (1916) Forests of Porto Rico—Past, Present, and Future. Washington,
DC: U.S. Government Printing Office, U.S. Department of Agriculture Bulletin
No. 354.

The Hurricane-Flood-Landslide Continuum

Negri, A; Burkardt, N.; Golden, J.H.; Halverson, J.B.; Huffman, G.J.; Larsen, M.C.; Mcginley,
J.A.; Updike, R.G.; Verdin, J.P; Wieczorek, J.F. The Hurricane-Flood-Landslide Continuum,
Bulletin of American Meteorological Society 2004 (doi:10.1175/BAMS-86-9-1241).

The global losses of life and property from the floods, landslides, and debris flows caused by tropical storms are staggering. One key to reducing these losses, both in the United States and internationally, is to improve forecasts of pending events in a time frame of several hours to days before the event. In some instances, the loss of life and property is the direct result of high winds and heavy rains. However, 82% of tropical cyclone deaths are due to fl ooding (Fig. 1), most of which occur well inland. For example, in 1998, Hurricane Mitch deluged parts of Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, and Nicaragua with rain, triggering intense fl oods and thousands of landslides that killed 11,000 people. In northwestern Nicaragua, at least 2000 people from a single village were buried alive by a massive lahar (debris fl ow). Although the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) released warnings for dangerously heavy rain fall during Mitch, much of this information either never reached local munici pal offi cials in Central America, was misunderstood, or was not acted upon. In addition, the countries impacted most by the storm have only modest national weather ser vices. We believe that if people had been better informed and prepared, substantially fewer would have died.

Drinking Water from Forests and Grasslands: A Synthesis of the Scientific Literature

Dissmeyer, George E.; [Editor] 2000. Drinking water from forests and grasslands: a synthesis of the scientific literature. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-39. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 246 p

This report reviews the scientific literature about the potential of common forest and grassland management to introduce contaminants of concern to human health into public drinking water sources.Effects of managing water, urbanization, ecreation, roads, timber, fire, pesticides, grazing, wildlife and fish habitat, and mineral, oil, and gas resources on public drinking water source quality are reviewed.Gaps in knowledge and research needs are indicated. Managers of national forests and grasslands and similar lands in other ownerships,environmental regulators,and citizens interested in drinking water may use this report for assessing contamination risks associated with land uses.
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