Spatial Patterning in the Dooryard Gardens of Puerto Rico

Spatial Patterning in the Dooryard Gardens of Puerto Rico
Clarissa T. Kimber
Geographical Review
Vol. 63, No. 1 (Jan., 1973), pp. 6-26

Puerto Rican dooryard gardens derive from two old traditions, the vernacular and the high style, which correspond to the rustic and aristocratic ideals. The gardens are classified in six design categories-the jibaro, the traditional, the vernacular, the contemporary ideal, the house-and-garden ideal, and the manor-and can be thought of as being aligned along a continuum that has been modified recently by the introduction of the American suburban ideal. The principal design elements are the dwelling, other buildings, bare earth, and the arrangement of trees, shrubs, herbs, and flowering plants. Of secondary importance is the arrangement of the plants according to intended-use categories. Economic position is changing the relative importance of the different garden design types, though there is no evidence that any are being eliminated. Behavior associated with these garden types suggests that garden design provides a clue to codified cultural patterns.