Annual Theme 2013-14
Who Should be an American? The Past and Future of Immigration Policy (Mae Ngai, Tamar Jacoby, Joseph Berger, Jennifer Rodriguez)Thursday, October 3, 2013 - 7:00pm - 9:00pm
View now on Vimeo.
IN THIS KICKOFF EVENT FOR a year in which we will examine the many dimensions of immigration policy, and in conjunction with the National Museum of Jewish American History, Penn SSPF has brought together important perspectives on the past and future of immigration in this distinguished panel. It ultimately explores whether, in efforts to maintain America's longstanding status as a nation of immigrants, the emphasis should be on the economic benefit for the U.S. or social justice for those who seek to live here.
The panel features Mae M. Ngai, Professor of History and Lung Family Professor of Asian American Studies at Columbia University; Tamar Jacoby, president and CEO of ImmigrationWorks USA, a national federation of small business owners working to advance better immigration law; Jennifer Rodriguez is Executive Director of the Mayor’s Office of Immigration and Multicultural Affairs for the City of Philadelphia, a new city agency created in 2013 by Mayor Michael Nutter; and, as moderator, Joseph Berger, a reporter, editor, and columnist for the New York Times since 1984.
Friday, October 4, 2013 - 12:00pm - 1:30pm
AS A FOLLOW-UP TO HER PARTICIPATION in the panel the night before, Mae M. Ngai will discuss her current work during this Friday workshop. This work examines the labor and social organization of Chinese miners and the racial politics surrounding the “Chinese Question” in California and the Australian colony of Victoria in the 1850s to the 1880s. Although race relations on the goldfields have received relatively little attention, compared to the urban workingmen’s movements of the 1870s and 1880s, the Chinese Question in the early mining years was arguably foundational to anti-Chinese politics in both the U.S. and Australia. Further, anti-Chinese politics has been discussed mostly in terms of discourse and policy, with little empirical understanding of the actual condition of Chinese miners’ work. We thus know much more about what whites thought about Chinese labor than about Chinese labor itself.
One of the consequences of this disparity in the scholarship has been a persistence of the view, in U.S. labor and economic history, that Chinese miners (and labor in general) were indentured, bound by debt peonage, or otherwise enslaved by Chinese “custom.” Ngai examines the genealogy of this view in U.S. historiography and suggests some reasons for its persistence; and, second, shows that it is at odds with the empirical evidence.
Friday, November 1, 2013 - 12:00pm - 1:30pm
IMMIGRANTS ARE AN IMPORTANT AND GROWING SOURCE OF DEMAND that has bolstered housing markets in recent decades, Professor Myers argues, as housing demand has been more stable among foreign-born than native-born households. And as the housing market continues its recovery, it is important to understand the demographic trends which are likely to affect housing demand in the years ahead. In presenting our best understanding of these trends projected to 2020, Myers will draw on his recent report, Immigrant Contributions to Housing Demand in the United States, prepared with John Pitkin and sponsored by the Mortgage Bankers Association’s Research Institute for Housing America (RIHA), as well as related work.
Rooted in the demographic approach to housing that calculates demand as occupied units, projections are developed that build on observed regularities of temporal structure. Aging leads to predictable rates of selling or outmoding, and immigrants supply a growing share of the replacements among both owners and renters in the housing market.
Brotherly Love? Diversity, Community, Trust, and Civic Engagement among Immigrant and Native-Born Philadelphians (Michael Jones-Correa)Friday, November 8, 2013 - 12:00pm - 1:30pm
AS IMMIGRANT GROUPS HAVE SETTLED in an increasingly wide variety of places – including small cities, suburbs and rural areas – their successful integration into American life has depended on the attitudes and actions of the communities receiving them. A number of organizations, including Welcoming America and the Receiving Communities Initiative, have emerged over the past decade to address this issue – even in cities, such as Philadelphia, which have long histories of immigration. Professor Jones-Correa has been at the forefront of studying the growth and success of this movement, as well as the policies that best promote integration. During his SSPF talk, he will present new findings on how Philadelphians in an array of neighborhoods have welcomed new immigrants.
Friday, December 6, 2013 - 12:00pm - 1:30pm
Ana Ramos-Zayas will present "Transnational Urban Competencies: Affect, Race, and Neoliberalism among Brazilian and Puerto Rican Youth in Newark, Belo Horizonte (Brazil), and Santurce (Puerto Rico)."
DRAWING FROM ETHNOGRAPHIC RESEARCH conducted in public and private schools in Newark, NJ, Belo Horizonte, Brazil, and Santurce, Puerto Rico, Professor Ramos-Zayas explore the intersection of affect, race, and neoliberalism in the lives of Brazilian and Puerto Rican youth. She examines the ways in which U.S.-born Latinos and Latin American migrants learn race in the predominantly African American context of Newark, NJ and how these forms of racial learning compare to perspectives on race in countries of origin or ancestry. The focus of Ramos-Zayas’ work is on how affect, the organization of feelings and sentiments, intersects with the everyday evaluations of racial difference and the ongoing process of “racial learning,” particularly among Latin American migrants and US-born Latinos. Ultimately, the goal is to understand the impact of capital on young people’s intimate experience of the material environment, and the way in which “race” is perceived, learned, and affectively understood under the intensifying regime of neoliberalism.
Friday, December 13, 2013 - 12:00pm - 1:30pm
UNTIL THE RECENT SHOWDOWNS IN WASHINGTON brought other policy initiatives to a standstill, movement on immigration reform was significant, even astounding. It is unusual for a divisive issue to jump from the near oblivion of repeated legislative failures to the center of the political and policy stage as quickly as immigration reform had done since the beginning of the year. And the broad policy prescription on which both a bipartisan group of eight senators and the president appeared to agree was nothing short of audacious. In fact, a mere few months earlier, virtually all congressional Republicans and a fair number of Democrats would have pronounced the plan dead on arrival. And now, as pressure for legislative accomplishment compels a return to immigration reform, Papademetriou provides a clear and incisive look at the various proposals, their virtues, and their potential pitfalls.
Thursday, January 30, 2014 - 4:30pm - 6:00pm
THE END OF THE COLD WAR altered the ideological lens that for half a century shaped U.S. definitions of – and policies toward – refugees and asylum-seekers. During the Cold War, the vast majority of the refugees resettled in the United States came from communist countries, but today “refugees” and “asylees” receive protection on a much wider range of religious, political, social, and gender-related grounds. Foreign policy, concerns about homeland security, and humanitarian obligations continue to influence who is admitted to the U.S. and in what numbers, but non-governmental actors and the courts are playing an ever greater role in shaping U.S. refugee policy. Prof. Garcia examines these developments, as well as the implications of these changing definitions for both immigrant and host societies.
American Refugee Law: Historical, Global and Local Perspectives (Maria Cristina Garcia, Fernando Chang-Muy, Judith Bernstein-Baker)Friday, January 31, 2014 - 12:00pm - 1:30pm
FOR THIS FAR-RANGING EXAMINATION of American refugee law, with ample opportunity for the audience to ask questions and participate, we have brought together historian Maria Cristina Garcia (Cornell), legal scholar Fernando Chang-Muy (Penn Law), and advocate Judith Bernstein-Baker (HIAS-PA). They will discuss the transformations of refugee law in recent decades, possibilities for reform, and the current situation in the Philadelphia area.
Temporary Workers as Part of Comprehensive Immigration Reform: Problem or Panacea? (Hiroshi Motomura)Friday, February 21, 2014 - 12:00pm - 1:30pm
MANY LEGISLATIVE PROPOSALS for comprehensive immigration reform would not only revise immigrant admission categories, intensity enforcement, and offer legal status to unauthorized migrants, but also include a prominent role for temporary worker programs. Some critics of temporary workers view reliance on them as problematic, pointing especially to the underlying assumption that they are truly temporary. On the other side of the debate are those who view temporary workers as an essential to any effective response to unauthorized migration. Drawing on his forthcoming book, Immigration Outside the Law, Motomura explores the roles that temporary workers might play in immigration reform and explain how disagreements about them illuminate key choices in responding to unauthorized migration.
This program has been approved for 1.5 substantive law credit hours for Pennsylvania attorneys. CLE credit may be available in other jurisdictions as well. Attendees seeking CLE credit should bring separate payment in the amount of $25.00 cash or check made payable to "The Trustees of the University of Pennsylvania."
Thursday, March 20, 2014 - 3:30pm - 5:00pm
WHAT MAKES SOMEONE AN "AMERICAN"? Political theorists and political sociologists have emphasized "ethnic" and "civic" distinctions in national belonging, while scholars of immigration focus on boundary making around language, religion, citizenship status and race. In a presentation of ongoing work, Professor Bloemraad explores the contours of membership in the United States that emerged in interviews with 182 U.S.-born youth and their immigrant parents born in Mexico, China, and Vietnam. Despite a discourse portraying U.S. citizenship as a civic and political affiliation blind to ascriptive traits, many of those interviewed equate “being American” with racial majority status, affluence, and privilege. Contemporary scholars of politics and immigration have not sufficiently explored economic notions of American-ness, which immigrants and their children can see as both a barrier to membership, but also a pathway to symbolic inclusion, notably for undocumented migrants. For many immigrants, membership through naturalization – the exemplar of citizenship by consent – does not overcome a lingering sense of outsider status. Perhaps surprisingly, birthright citizenship offers an egalitarian promise: it is a color-blind and class-blind path to membership.
Friday, March 21, 2014 - 12:00pm - 1:30pm
IN THIS POSTDOCTORAL FELLOW WORKSHOP, James Walsh presents new work developed from his dissertation, "Governing the Divide: Institutions and Immigration Control in the United States, Canada, and Australia." Through sources extending back to the nineteenth century, Walsh traces the origins of three regimes for handling immigration – generally more centralized and technocratic in Canada and Australia, and more fragmented in the U.S. – that continue to determine distinctive border controls in the age of globalization. Irene Bloemraad (UC Berkeley) and Rogers Smith (Penn Political Science) will comment on Walsh's manuscript.
Friday, April 4, 2014 - 12:00pm - 1:30pm
PEOPLE OF INDIAN ORIGIN – whether they are Indian-born or U.S.-born – make up well less than one percent of the American population. Despite its small size, this community has been called a “Model Minority” that has been unusually successful in pursuing the “American Dream” through careers in high-skill occupations and entrepreneurship. The talk focuses on four major themes in the immigration literature – selection, assimilation, entrepreneurship, and clustering – to analyze the specific characteristics of this community. Unlike most immigrant groups who enter the country at a disadvantage (relative to non-Hispanic Whites) and converge within a generation or two, the advantages of exceptional positive selection of Indian immigrants at the time of entry appears to be sustained through the next generation.
The Deportation Machine: Policing, Color Blind Racism, and the Institutional Production of Immigrant Criminality (Amada Armenta)Friday, April 11, 2014 - 2:00pm - 3:30pm
CHANGES TO IMMIGRATION ENFORCEMENT POLICIES and tactics have resulted in the expansion of deportation in the United States. However, little is known about the institutional dynamics and everyday enforcement practices that channel immigrants into the criminal justice system.
Amada Armenta, Assistant Professor in the Department of Sociology, will be speaking on Friday at the Urban Ethnography Workshop on her ongoing work on policing and immigration.
Wednesday, April 16, 2014 - 7:00pm
JOIN THE PENN WHARTON PUBLIC POLICY INITIATIVE STUDENT ASSOCIATION for "U.S. Immigration Policy: Dreaming of Reform," a lecture by Douglas Rivlin, ASC’95, current Director of Communications for for the Chair of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus Immigration Task Force, U.S. Rep. Luis V. Gutierrez (D-IL-04). This event is in conjunction with the recent release of “Framing the Debate: Immigration,” a comprehensive report on current policy options before Congress and the economic effects of undocumented immigration, authored by members of the Penn Wharton Public Policy Initiative Student Association.
The Origins of Migration Between Mexico & the U.S. (Laurencio Sanguino, SSPF Postdoctoral Fellow, with Jose Moya and Madeline Hsu)Friday, April 25, 2014 - 2:00pm - 3:30pm
IN THIS POSTDOCTORAL FELLOW WORKSHOP, Laurencio Sanguino presents new work developed from his dissertation, "The Origins of Migration between Mexico and the United States, 1905-1945." The focus of his work this year has been Zamora, Michoacán, and its transformation into one of the most important migrant-sending communities in Mexico between 1885 and 1965. Jose Moya (Barnard College) and Madeline Hsu (UT Austin) will comment on Sanguino's manuscript.
Friday, May 2, 2014 - 8:30am - 5:30pm
MAJOR SCHOLARS FROM sociology, city planning, economics, history, and public policy convene to present research on the role of immigration in reshaping metropolitan housing markets, creating economic opportunity, and transforming neighborhoods throughout the United States (and beyond).
Thomas Sugrue (Penn SSPF Director) Watch video
Revitalizing Small Cities and Suburbs
Marilynn Johnson (Boston College, History) Watch video
Michael Katz and Kenneth Ginsburg (Penn History) Watch video
Comments: Stanton Wortham (Penn GSE) Watch video
Panel 1 Q&A Watch video
The Politics of Immigration and Revitalization
Jamie Winders (Syracuse, Geography) Watch video
Gerardo Sandoval (Oregon, City Planning) Watch video
Comment: Amada Armenta (Penn, Sociology) Watch video
Panel 2 Q&A Watch video
Lunch and Keynote
Robert Sampson (Harvard, Sociology) Watch video
2:00-3:30: Immigration, Housing, and Economic Impacts
Philip Kasinitz (CUNY, Sociology) Watch video
Gary Painter (USC, Demography and Pubic Policy) Watch video
Jacob Vigdor (Duke, Economics and Public Policy) Watch video
Comment: Susan Wachter (Penn, Wharton Real Estate) Watch video
Panel 3 Q&A Watch video
Transnational Urban Revitalization
Andrew Sandoval-Strausz (New Mexico, History) Watch video
Domenic Vitiello (Penn, City Planning) Watch video
Comment/Panel 4 Q&A: Erick Guerra (Penn, Design) Watch video