Summing up language policy in India

  1. Failure of switch to Hindi:

  2. Success of switch to local languages at State levels--more primary, secondary teaching in local languages, but still increased demand (via private schools) for English.

  3. Failure to deal with really small minority languages in various states:

  4. Todas, Tulus, Badagas, Kodagus, other tribal groups in southern states have no recourse--they can "petition the President of India" but they don't get much.
  5. Other regional minorities, e.g. Telugus in Tamilnadu, Tamils in Karnataka, can have schools provided on a sort of "tit for tat" basis, i.e. "You open schools for 20,000 Telugus, and our state will provide schools for 20k Tamils" but often this doesn't work.
  6. Karnataka has the highest percentage of linguistic minorities of any state in India (also the lowest percentage of majority mother-tongue speakers, i.e. Kannada) of any state, so much turmoil over the rights of minorities: Tamils especially, but also Telugus, Konkanis, Tulus, Kodagus.

    Recently much turmoil over this in press reports, including state ban on films not made in Kannada!

  7. Southern Regional Council of states--gets together to deal with these issues; other regional councils are supposed to do this, too, but get no help from the Central gov't.
  8. All Central funds go to support "development" of Hindi, little done to "develop" other languages.