Religion and Language
LING 540, Language Policy,
H. Schiffman, Instructor
Communities expect their children to learn some of this language, have schools or weekend classes. Fundamentalists: language (texts) is holy, sacred cannot be tampered with. Orthodox Jews object to Hebrew in Israel; Roman Caths. object to dropping Latin mass; fundamentalists objected to revised standard version of Bible (King James 1911 version is only one.)
Institutional Context: language is somewhat divorced from home, playground, street. Institution has goals for its survival independent of goals of language maintenance. If choice between institution and language, the language is dropped.
These groups control intermarriage, reject higher education, may resist military service, etc.. Sometimes can maintain a Sprachinsel (language island) where a small territory is zoned off from other langs. May even have some effect on public schools.