Some references on the topic of the DOZENS
Abrahams, Roger D. 1962. "Playing the dozens." Jrl of American Folklore
--- 1976. Talking Black. Rowley, MA: Newbury House Publishers.
- Kochman, Thomas. 1983. "The boundary between play and nonplay in black
verbal dueling." Language in Society 12: 329-37.
- Labov, William. 1972. "Rules for Ritual Insults." Language in the
City: Studies in the Black English Vernacular, Chap. 8. Philadelphia:
University of Pennsylvania Press.
- Mitchell-Kernan, Claudia L. 1970. Language behavior in a Black urban
community. Ph.D. dissertation. University of California at Berkeley.
- Mitchell-Kernan, Claudia L. 1972. "Signifying and marking: Two
Afro-American speech acts." John J. Gumperz & Dell Hymes, eds.,
Directions in sociolinguistics. New York: Blackwell, 161-79.
- Morgan, Marcyliena. 1993. "The Africanness of counterlanguage
among Afro-Americans." In S. Mufwene, ed., Africanisms in Afro-American
language varieties: 423-435. Athens: University of Georgia.
- In their 1998 book African
American English (Mufwene, Rickford, Bailey & Baugh, eds), Marcy
gives a very useful contextualization and theorization of some related
ways of speaking, "More than a mood or an attitude: Discourse and
verbal genres in African-American culture". She discusses at least
SOUNDIN'/SIGNIFYIN', READIN', and INSTIGATIN', as well as the DOZENS,
in terms of directness and intentionality.
website on AAVE.
- Smitherman, Geneva. 1993. "If I'm Lyin', I'm Flyin' ". Introduction to
The Art of the Snap [sorry, I don't have a reference for this book --
just an excerpt from it -- but would very much like to!].
Prof. Peter L. Patrick
Dept. of Language & Linguistics
University of Essex
COLCHESTER CO4 3SQ
Tel: (from within UK) 01206.87.2088
(from outside UK) +44.1206.87.2088
Fax: (as above) 1206.87.2198