Philippe Marquise, Director, Délégation Archéologique Française en Afghanistan (DAFA)
Mes Aynak, the world's second largest copper mine and one of the most splendid Buddhist site ever discovered, came to the world's attention several years ago when plans for large scale mining began to be implemented. Philippe Marquise, director DAFA coordinator of the international archaeological team at the site, will report on the latest findings, the role of the National Museum of Afghanistan, and future plans (research and exhibition) for the preservation of the materials from the site. The talk will also touch upon larger questions of the future of archaeology in Afghanistan.
"Mining and Archaeology: the World Bank's Approach to Mes Aynak and other Mining sites in Afghanistan" - Noora Arfaa, Operations Analyst, Sustainable Energy - Oil, Gas, Mining (SEGOM), the World Bank
The discussion focuses on the role of the World Bank in cultural preservation, and the perceived tension between the safeguarding of cultural heritage resources and economic growth and development. The presentation uses Mes Aynak as a case study on the challenges and opportunities offered through partnerships to preserve Afghanistan's cultural heritage while at the same time move forward with mining activities in an environment where there enormous development needs.
"Afghanistan, an interface between India and Central Asia" - Xinru Liu, Associate Professor, The College of New Jersey
Since the third millennium BCE, the region we now call Afghanistan has been the interface between Central Asia and the Indian subcontinent. Political forces arose from the steppe and oases in Central Asia re-structured and refined their communities in terms of languages, attires, and etiquette etc. before crossing the Hindu Kush Mountains. Work at archaeological sites such as Mes Aynak in Afghanistan provides precious records of the transitions of the numerous groups of people who brought new cultural elements to South Asia. Symposium sponsored by the Department of the History of Art and Penn Cultural Heritage Center. Free admission
This talk will present some preliminary results of research meant to bring together a broad range of evidence, both iconographic and textual, about the place and role of mothers in private tombs from the Old to the New Kingdom. The initial stage of the project is to re-assess the presence of the mother-figure in the decorative program of private tombs. Were mothers, as it has been argued, filling the role of the spouse when no such figure existed? If so, was the iconography / text adapted in presenting the female partner as ‘gestational carrier’, rather than sexual partner, both being equally the source of life. Following this is a discussion of matrilineal filiations which becomes a conspicuous textual feature in Middle Kingdom stelae. Is this (re-)definition of the family nucleus in funerary context, which is also reflected in stelae iconography, reflective of social changes in the re-emergence of the Middle Kingdom, or is it more specifically to do with the shaping of a new elite identity centered on matrilineal kinship? This latter aspect will then lead us to consider some case-studies from the New Kingdom where the presence of mothers depicted in the tombs of their sons, either with their spouse or on their own can be seen as a testimony to the influence of the mother-lineage on the acquisition of administrative functions. The project obviously builds upon an extensive body of scholarship about the role of women in the funerary context, and aims at refining or developing a discussion on sexuality and eroticism in the analysis of the mother-motif deriving from the symbolism associated with Hathor as “mother-goddess.”
Dr. Violaine Chauvet graduated with her PhD in Egyptian Art and Archaeology from The Johns Hopkins University in 2004. She has taught at The Johns Hopkins University, Framingham State University (2005-2007) and since 2007 has been an Assistant Professor (UK Lecturer) at the University of Liverpool’s School of Archaeology, Classics, and Egyptology (SACE). Her research focuses largely on tomb inscriptions as a source of historical information. Biographies and commemorative inscriptions form the core data-set underpinning Violaine’s research on the socio-economic landscape of private tombs construction (Who did What for Whom). Dr. Chauvet has lectured throughout the UK and US, has published several articles on various aspects of Old Kingdom tomb construction and decoration, and is currently finishing her book entitled The Funerary Landscape of the Old Kingdom: Social and Economic Study of Tomb Construction.
This is a two-hour seminar. Seating is very limited, please email firstname.lastname@example.org to request participation. Before coming to teach at Harvard (in 1981), Professor Steinkeller pursued research at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago. His scholarly work deals broadly with the history, culture, and languages of early Mesopotamia (3000-1500 BCE), its particular focus being the socioeconomic history of Babylonia during the 3rd mil. BCE and, most recently, the early history of Sumero-Akkadian religion. He is also interested in Mesopotamian archaeology, as evidenced in his present involvement in an archaeological project at the site of Tell Arbid in north-west Syria. Among his ongoing projects is a study of the population density and settlement patterns in Babylonia at ca. 2900 BCE, which utilizes both textual and archaeological data, and an investigation of the economic organization of the Ur III state (2900-2000 BCE). He has written or co-authored three books and over eighty articles and book reviews. He teaches a wide range of courses and seminars on the Sumerian and Akkadian languages, Mesopotamian religion, and history of ancient Mesopotamia.
This lecture is sponsored by The Achelis Foundation.
Prof. C. Brian Rose, Kolb Society of Fellows Faculty Coordinator - Welcome and Introduction
Sam C. Lin (Department of Anthropology) - Distinct Tool Types or Sharp Rocks of Various Shapes? A New Look at Middle Paleolithic Assemblage Variability and Neanderthal Behavioral Pattern
Steve Renette (Art and Archaeology of the Mediterranean World Graduate Group) - Along the Mountain Passes: the Kani Shaie Archaeological Project
Amanda Reiterman (Art and Archaeology of the Mediterranean World Graduate Group) - Antique, Heirloom, Curiosity, or Amulet?: Identifying and Assessing “Curated” Objects in the Ancient Mediterranean
Margaret Andrews (Art and Archaeology of the Mediterranean World Graduate Group) - The Decoration of Domitian’s Forum in Rome: A Reconsideration of the Attic Storey and a New Proposal for the Setting of the Cancelleria Reliefs