Dung--Fuel and Fertilizer

Cumcume and Malyan

Dung Cakes at Cumcume, Turkey

Cow dung mixed with water and some additional straw is made into dung cakes for fuel.

Dung Accumulation at Malyan, Iran

Villagers make dung cakes here, too, but courtyard sweepings, primarily dung, accumulate outside the village wall; the dung is periodically trucked to the fields for fertilizer.

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