Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology
The assemblage titanian clinohumite+forsterite +spinel+calcite is widespread in marbles from the eastern Bergell contact aureole (Switzerland/Italy). The Bergell titanian clinohumites vary considerably in composition (TiO2: 0.19 to 2.05 wt%, F: 2.2 to 3.4 wt%). Electron microprobe analyses show that the titanian clinohumites contain less than detectable amounts of Co, Cu, Ni, Zn, Al, Cr and Cl. No trace of ferric iron could be detected by Moessbauer spectroscopy. Moreover, the Moessbauer spectra indicate that Fe2+ occurs only in one of the five octahedral positions in the crystal structure of the studied titanian clinohumite. Under the conditions of the contact metamorphism (600–650° C, 3 kb total pressure) the compositional variation along the exchange vector TiO2M−1 (OH,F)−2 takes place at constantx OH which is fixed by the pore fluid. Titanian clinohumite sometimes contains geikielite inclusions which strongly fractionate Fe and Mn relative to titanian clinohumite. The geikielites from the Bergell marbles are poor in Cr2O3, Fe2O3 and MnO, and thus different from those found in carbonatites, kimberlites and serpentinized ultramafic rocks.
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